Uzhhorod

(redirected from Ungvar)

Uzhhorod

(o͝ozh`hôrôt'), Czech Užhorod, Rus. Uzhgorod, Hung. Ungvár, city (1989 pop. 117,000), capital of Transcarpathian RegionTranscarpathian Region
, Ukr. Zarkarpattya Oblast or Zakarpats'ka Oblast, Rus. Zakarpatskaya Oblast, administrative region (1989 pop. 1,252,000), 4,981 sq mi (12,901 sq km), SW Ukraine, on the southwestern slopes of the Carpathian Mts.
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, SW Ukraine, in the SW Carpathian foothills and on the Uzh River. It is a rail and highway junction and the economic and cultural heart of Transcarpathian Ukraine. There is trade in lumber and cattle. Industries include meatpacking, winemaking, brandy distilling, and the manufacture of plywood, furniture, and machine tools. Tourism is also economically significant. The city has long been important militarily because of its position guarding the southern approach to the Uzhok Pass over the Carpathians. Uzhhorod was founded in the 8th or 9th cent. and belonged to Kievan Rus in the 10th and 11th cent. Conquered by the Magyars at the end of the 11th cent., the city remained under Hungarian rule until it passed to Austria-Hungary in 1867. Uzhhorod became a bishopric of the Ukrainian Catholic Uniate Church in 1775 and was the center of the Ukrainian national and Russophile movements in the 19th and early 20th cent. The city passed to Czechoslovakia in 1919, was under Hungarian occupation from 1938 to 1944, and was included in Ukraine after World War II. Uzhhorod has a university, a 15th-century castle, and an 18th-century cathedral.
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In the morning, I travel to Ungvar, mother's hometown.
One hundred and thirty years after its publication in 1864 in Ganzfried's home town of Ungvar (now Uzhgorod in southwest Ukraine), the Kitzur remains the halakhic handbook of choice for Orthodox Jews worldwide.
Ganzfried was a delegate to the congress from Ungvar, along with the city's chief rabbi, Menachem Ash, a national spokesman for the Orthodox cause.
Despite his identification with the Orthodox onslaught against Reform however, both nationally and in Ungvar, Ganzfried was not in the front ranks of the battle.
Born into poverty in Ungvar at a time when such was the lot of most Jews of the Carpathian region of the Hapsburg Empire, he lost his father when he was eight.
As was typical for scholars of special promise, Ganzfried was proffered to the daughter of a prosperous Ungvar merchant.
In 1849, he returned to his native Ungvar as a dayan, a judge in the religious court.