Unit Production

Unit Production

 

a type of production characterized by unit (piece) manufacture of production of varied and changing nomenclature.

Unit production includes enterprises manufacturing large turbines, rolling mills, ships, unique machine tools, and metallurgical and mining equipment, as well as repair works and experimental plants. As distinguished from mass production and serial production, unit production allows for the non-regulated movement of a product through working locations and a free working rhythm. Working areas are usually provided with general-purpose equipment. The production process of each order is designed individually. An intershop technology routing is set up, indicating which equipment groups are needed to implement the order. The technological processes are more precisely defined at the shops. The diverse nomenclature of production and the unique nature of the orders require the labor of more highly skilled “general” workers. Semiskilled and unskilled workers in unit production are a smaller percentage of the staff than in other varieties of production. Considerable decentralization of operational-production planning and large amounts of unfinished production are characteristic of unit production. The use in unit production of specialized equipment and devices and the frequent changes from one item to another cause relatively large expenditures of manpower in setting up operation and longer production cycles.

Certain elements of serial production may be applied in unit production through standardization and unification of parts and assemblies and standardization of technological processes. Thus, the group method for processing parts using systems of general-purpose unit-construction and general-purpose alignment equipment is being used with increasing frequency in unit production. Introduction of the group method for processing parts allows using more productive and more specialized equipment, lowering costs in manufacturing technological fittings, reducing expenditures of preparation and finishing time in the assembly and removal of parts, and cutting the length of production cycles and the volumes of surpluses of incomplete production.

IU. A. GAIDUKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
9 (ANI): Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) India's Made-in-India Jeep Compass has crossed the 25,000 unit production milestone last month.
therefore Unit Production was SEIZED and issue them Notices as per rule and another unit Fakhar Paint Industries Korangi Industrial Area, Karachi.
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Goldfarb is quick to credit the DCA with galvanizing his career as a unit production manager.
Since entering the concrete market in 2007, Automacad has earned a reputation for quality, custom dry cast and wet cast unit production solutions, as well as for concrete packaging and related equipment.
Qaim Ali Shah said rural poverty can be eradicated through such agricultural policies which on one hand increase per unit production and on the other value addition.
The cracking plant at Mountain Pass is part of a multistage chemical process designed to increase the facility's current rare earth recovery rates, increase production throughput, and contribute to lower unit production costs.
He has since amassed deep experience in a wide range of industrial, military, transportation interiors, and other textile and sewn-products industries while leading unit production system engineering and implementation services for Eton Systems, INA Systems, and Gerber Technology.
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