United Arab Republic

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United Arab Republic,

political union (1958–61) of EgyptEgypt
, Arab. Misr, biblical Mizraim, officially Arab Republic of Egypt, republic (2005 est. pop. 77,506,000), 386,659 sq mi (1,001,449 sq km), NE Africa and SW Asia.
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 and SyriaSyria
, officially Syrian Arab Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 18,449,000), 71,467 sq mi (185,100 sq km), W Asia. It borders on Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea in the west, on Turkey in the northwest and north, on Iraq in the east and south, and on Jordan and Israel in the
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. The capital was Cairo. The two countries were merged (1958) into a single unit comprising the Southern (Egypt) and the Northern (Syria) Regions, with Gamal Abdal NasserNasser, Gamal Abdal
, 1918–70, Egyptian army officer and political leader, first president of the republic of Egypt (1956–70). A revolutionary since youth, he was wounded by the police and expelled (1935) from secondary school in Cairo for leading an anti-British
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 as president. As an initial step toward creating a pan-Arab union, the republic abolished Syrian and Egyptian citizenship, termed its inhabitants Arabs, and called the country "Arab territory." It considered the Arab homeland to be the entire area between the Persian Gulf and the Atlantic coast. With Yemen (North Yemen), it formed (1958) a loose federation called the United Arab States. In 1961, Syria withdrew from the union after a military coup, and Yemen soon followed, thus ending the union. Egypt continued to use the name until 1971.

United Arab Republic


the official name of a unified state comprising Egypt and Syria that existed from February 1958 to September 1961. From Sept. 28, 1961, to Sept. 11, 1971, it was the official name of Egypt, which was later renamed the Arab Republic of Egypt.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first serious attempt at counter-revolution, the abortive Mosul revolt led by Ba'athists and nationalist army officers, was almost certainly set in motion by Egypt and Syria with the ultimate aim of absorbing Iraq and its rich oil revenue into the United Arab Republic.
Borrowing its title from the name of a sovereign union agreement between Egypt and Syria in the late fifties, the research-based project explores perceptions of Nasser, former president of Egypt and the United Arab Republic, as the hero and the anti-hero, and examines the dichotomy between his promises and failures.
In 1958 the United Arab Republic was formed by Egypt and Syria but lasted only three years.
During the rule of Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser, the two nations were united as the United Arab Republic
The President of Egypt, then known as the United Arab Republic (UAR), Gamal Abdel Nasser, later conveyed to U.
The formation of the United Arab Republic in 1958 was the most conspicuous attempt, not only because it was first, but also the most enduring as it lasted for more than three years.
In Syria, the United Arab Republic (WAR) formed between Egypt and Syria (1958-1961) was demolished in a 1961 plot by secessionist officers and civilians.

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