University Statutes

University Statutes

 

in Russia, legislative acts determining the organizational structure and administrative procedures of universities.

The first university statute in Russia was the Plan for the Founding of Moscow University, which was approved on Jan. 12 (23), 1755. In accordance with the statute, the university was to be under the jurisdiction of the Senate and was to be administered by curators appointed by the monarch. The curators were to be advised by a collegium of professors. All disciplinary matters were to be handled by a university court.

The decision to open universities in Vil’na (now Vil’nius), Kazan, and Kharkov created the need for a general university statute. The first such statute, which established the autonomy of universities, was promulgated on Nov. 5 (17), 1804. At the head of each university was a council of professors, which elected the rector, named professors to chairs, determined the course of studies, and acted as the academic council and university court of highest instance. Each university was the center of a school district (uchebnyi okrug); the universities directed the work of primary and secondary educational institutions and fulfilled the functions of censors.

During the reign of Nicholas I, the universities lost their autonomy. On July 26 (Aug. 7), 1835, a new university statute was promulgated in accordance with which the management of the universities passed to the superintendents of the school districts, which were under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Public Education. New rectors had to be approved by the tsar, and new professors by the superintendent of the given school district. The council of professors in each university was deprived of its independence in matters of teaching and scholarship.

During the 1860’s, when many bourgeois reforms were introduced, the autonomy of the universities was restored. The University Statute of June 18 (30), 1863, reestablished the elective character of all professorships and administrative positions and restored the rights of the council of professors and the university court. As a result of the government’s increasingly reactionary nature in the 1880’s, however, a new university statute was promulgated on Aug. 23 (Sept. 4), 1884, depriving the universities of their autonomy. At the beginning of the Revolution of 1905–07, autonomy was reestablished by the Provisional Rules of Aug. 27, 1905, but the rules virtually lost their force after the coup d’etat of June 3, 1907. The University Statute of 1884 remained in effect until February 1917.

In the Soviet period, universities have been regulated by the Statute on Higher Educational Institutions in the USSR.

REFERENCES

Poln. sobr. zakonov Rossiiskoi imperii [Sobranie 1], vol. 28. St. Petersburg, 1830. Numbers 21497–21500.
Ibid.: Sobranie 2, vol. 10. St. Petersburg, 1866. Number 8337.
Ibid.: Sobranie 2, vol. 38. St. Petersburg, 1866. Number 39752.
Ibid.: Sobranie 3, vol. 4. St. Petersburg, 1887. Number 2404.
Rozhdestvenskii, S. V. Istoricheskii obzor deiatel’nosti Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniia, 1802–1902. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Eimontova, R. G. “Universitetskaia reforma 1863 g.” In the collection Istoricheskie zapiski, vol. 70. Moscow, 1961.
Shchetlinina, G. I. Universitety v Rossii i ustav 1884 g. Moscow, 1976.

A. E. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Senate also approved KMU Senate conduct of Business rules 2017 and under section 9 (1) (iii) of the KMU constitution functions and power of authorities of the university statutes 2016, the Senate approved the name of Engineer Habib Ali former Secretary Works and Services Department of KP as member F and PC from amongst the Senate members.
Earlier the Vice Chancellor of the University briefed the meeting regarding University statutes.
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The answer is mainly to be found in the vast powers bestowed on him under the university statutes in matters of appointments and dismissals, introduction of new disciplines, creation of academic chairs, control over administrative, financial and academic aspects plus the discretionary powers in almost every sphere concerning the institution.
Faqri showed his inability to oblige the visitors by explaining that prevailing university statutes did not allow him do so.
Henry issued university statutes, some professors were recruited, and teaching probably began between 1436 and 1439.
The cedulae might be described as medieval student transcripts (or 'records of achievement'); each one constitutes a record of the academic programme of an individual student and thus provides an interesting foil (and corrective) to the more official information contained in university statutes.
The Privy Council upheld the first part of the complaint, stating that the university statutes only allow such delegation to a committee and not an individual.
Even the 23 faculty members with tenure are worried, sources said, because according to university statutes tenure is granted by department.
Chancellor Pound notes that the search for a new principal was "a careful and thorough international process conducted in accordance with University statutes by a representative committee with McGill's best interests in mind.
Helped revise university statutes in 1558 and 1559.
It is incorporated by royal charter, and governed under the University Statutes by the Delegates of the Press, who are appointed from the academic staff of the University.

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