Urban and Rural Population

Urban and Rural Population


two population categories differentiated by place of residence: in cities and other urban settlements and in rural localities.

The ratio between urban and rural population shows the degree of urbanization of countries and regions; however, the criteria for classifying inhabited localities as urban or rural differ from country to country. In 1969 some 33 percent of the world’s total population was urban (in Europe, 59 percent; Asia, 21; Africa, 16; North and Central America, 62; and South America, 49). In several countries 75 to 80 percent of the population is urban (Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, Australia); in the USA the figure is 73 percent (1968).

In the USSR the proportion of urban population rose in the course of the country’s industrialization from 18 percent in 1926 to 56 percent by the beginning of 1970 (urban, 136,000,000; rural, 105,700,000). A striking preponderance of urban population typifies the country’s chief industrial regions (in Moscow Oblast, for example, including the city of Moscow, it is 86 percent, and in the oblasts of Donetsk, 87; Voroshilovgrad, 83; Kemerovo, 82; Sverdlovsk, 81; and Cheliabinsk, 78) and several regions of new commercial development of natural resources (in Murmansk Oblast, 89 percent; Magadan Oblast, 75; and Kamchatka Oblast, 76). The proportion of the rural population is high mainly in republics and oblasts with extensive development of labor-intensive branches of agriculture (in the Uzbek SSR, 36 percent; Tad-zhik SSR, 37; and Moldavian SSR, 32). The Soviet Union has set the task, which it is successfully accomplishing in the process of building communism, of bringing the cultural facilities and living conditions of the urban and rural population into closer alignment by every possible means.


References in periodicals archive ?
8-10 studies have some limitations including small sample size and in first study they included rural population only, however, in the second survey they included both urban and rural population but their sample size was very small.
The studies showed a wide difference in the prevalence of diabetes in urban and rural population.
So, we studied these factors in both Urban and rural population and the results were the urban people had more effect of Type-II diabetes due to their unhealthy food habits, lack of physical activity, diabetic family history, age, obesity, smoking & alcoholism.
This section provides comparative analysis of changes in age structure of overall urban and rural population to figure out whether Pakistan is passing through demographic transition.
Poverty of urban and rural population has grown by 6.
The annual exponential growth rate of urban and rural population was calculated to work out urban-rural growth differential and the information is presented in Table-2.
Habib Ulla Khan Census Commissioner PCO also briefed in detail about the proposed definition of urban and rural population in the country.
The results showed that caries and its sequelae were responsible for more tooth loss in younger age groups in urban and rural population while extraction consequent to periodontal problem increased with age.
Examination of age-composition between urban and rural population reveals relatively higher proportion of population in early age groups (below 15 years) in rural areas than in urban areas (Table 9).
The Census Bureau identifies and tabulates data for the urban and rural populations and their associated areas solely for the presentation and comparison of census statistical data (U.
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