Usman Dan Fodio


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Usman Dan Fodio

 

Born 1744; died 1817. Leader of the Fulbe uprising of 1804–08 against the rulers of the states of the Hausa people in western Sudan. African Muslim preacher. Tutor of the son of the sultan of the Hausa state of Gobir.

Usman dan Fodio headed the opposition of the Fulbe aristocracy, who were dissatisfied with the political hegemony of the Hausa aristocracy. In February 1804, he and his brother Abdullahi called upon the Fulbe to wage a “holy war” against the “infidels,” the rulers of the Hausa. He was at once proclaimed “leader of the faithful.” By 1809, Usman Dan Fodio’s troops had captured virtually the entire country of the Hausa. The conquered territory was divided between Abdullahi, who received the sultanate of Gwandu, and Usman’s son, Muhammad Bello, who received the sultanate of Sokoto in present-day Nigeria.

Usman dan Fodio’s religious treatises are a valuable source of information on the history of northern Nigeria and adjacent regions.

References in periodicals archive ?
47) In the 19th century, Usman dan Fodio conquered Sokoto and most of northern Nigeria and influenced other jihads in the areas of West Africa where Boko Haram is present today, such as northern Cameroon, northern Nigeria, Niger, northern Mali and Senegal.
It cited as inspiration historical militant leaders in the region, including Usman dan Fodio and El Hajj Omar Tell.
Politically, the Jihad in the early part of the nineteenth century, led by Shehu Usman dan Fodio, incorporated Kasar Katsina into the emirate system of the Sokoto Caliphate.
1973 The Sword of Truth: The Life and Times of the Shehu Usman dan Fodio.
In contrast to the NPC, NEPU took a very different tack in approaching the issue of the jihad of Usman dan Fodio.
The NPC characterized the caliphate as the legitimate inheritor of the ideals of Usman dan Fodio.
The Sardauna, the head of the NPC and the premier of the Northern Region, was also the great-great-grandson of Usman dan Fodio.
The Sardauna] is never known to have fought a losing battle, because he has the blood of the great Usman dan Fodio, the most outstanding man of his time, flowing through his veins.
23) Indeed, it was a common NPC strategy not only to stress the blood linkage between the Sardauna and Usman dan Fodio but also to compare their exploits.
In presenting the Medal to Sir Abubakar, the Sardauna expressed the hope that he would accept the Medal not because of its value but because of his (Sir Abubakar's) loyalty, and belief in the duties performed by Shehu Usman Dan Fodio for this country [my emphasis], and what they were doing in following Dan Fodio's footsteps.
The name and person of Usman Dan Fodio were used by the NPC on a variety of levels.
We [NEPU] were the legitimate successors of Usman dan Fodio.