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a nationalist, separatist organization of Croatian fascists.

The Ustaše was founded outside Croatia in 1929 by A. Pavelic, a leader of the Croatian Party of Rights; it had bases in Italy, Austria, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In Marseille in 1934 the Ustase carried out a plan organized by the Hitlerites to assassinate the Yugoslav king Alexander and the French foreign minister L. Barthou. After the seizure of Yugoslavia in 1941 by fascist forces, the Ustaše, supported by the occupiers, created the “Independent Croatian State” on the territory of Croatia, Bosnia, and Hercegovina. The puppet government, headed by Pavelic, organized the mass murder of hundreds of thousands of Yugoslavs. After the liberation of Yugoslavia from fascist occupation, many members of the Ustase were sentenced to death.

Terrorist acts have been carried out against representatives of socialist Yugoslavia by Croatians who live in other countries and adhere to the principles of the Ustaše.

References in periodicals archive ?
In March and April 1945, Mihailovic's remaining Chetniks mounted a belated attempt to establish themselves as a credible force fighting the Axis in Yugoslavia by attacking German forces and Croatian Ustase militia.
He had lionised the country's pro-Nazi Ustase movement as a student in the 90s and labelled Croatia's anti-fascist history and culture "an empty phrase" with no constitutional relevance.
126) On the other hand, the new Croatian president (who had taken office in February the same year) stayed away in April from the official ceremonies at the Jasenovac concentration camp, where at least 83,000 Serbs, Roma, Jews and political prisoners had perished at the hand of the Ustase.
In 1941-42, as a gesture towards Bosnian Muslims, the Ustase made it into a mosque; later it was the Museum of National Liberation.
Handed the maximum sentence, 20 years, he died in prison and even asked to be buried in the uniform of the Ustase, the Croatian Nazis.
He was found, mortally injured, by Ustase militia, who took him away, beat him to death, and mutilated his already-wounded body.
In '42 his parents hid your grandmother and me among sacks of beans in their little pantry for weeks when the Ustase came, risking their own lives.
The Dinamo Zagreb captain was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.
The stopper was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.
The Ustase were responsible for the deaths of at least 400,000 Serbs, 30,000 Jews, and 25,000 Gypsies in Croatia and Bosnia.
Le maire ne manquait pas la moindre occasion de comparer les Croates d'en face aux ustase de la Seconde Guerre mondiale (miliciens croates fascistes), dont le symbole << U >> est d'ailleurs repris par les partisans << ultras >> de l'equipe croate de Mostar.
On the contrary, he thinks that ASIO turned a blind eye to right-wing atrocities in the case of Ustase, the pro-Nazi Croatians who ran terrorist tactics against communist Yugoslavia in the early Cold War years.