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a nationalist, separatist organization of Croatian fascists.

The Ustaše was founded outside Croatia in 1929 by A. Pavelic, a leader of the Croatian Party of Rights; it had bases in Italy, Austria, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In Marseille in 1934 the Ustase carried out a plan organized by the Hitlerites to assassinate the Yugoslav king Alexander and the French foreign minister L. Barthou. After the seizure of Yugoslavia in 1941 by fascist forces, the Ustaše, supported by the occupiers, created the “Independent Croatian State” on the territory of Croatia, Bosnia, and Hercegovina. The puppet government, headed by Pavelic, organized the mass murder of hundreds of thousands of Yugoslavs. After the liberation of Yugoslavia from fascist occupation, many members of the Ustase were sentenced to death.

Terrorist acts have been carried out against representatives of socialist Yugoslavia by Croatians who live in other countries and adhere to the principles of the Ustaše.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1941-42, as a gesture towards Bosnian Muslims, the Ustase made it into a mosque; later it was the Museum of National Liberation.
Handed the maximum sentence, 20 years, he died in prison and even asked to be buried in the uniform of the Ustase, the Croatian Nazis.
He was found, mortally injured, by Ustase militia, who took him away, beat him to death, and mutilated his already-wounded body.
In '42 his parents hid your grandmother and me among sacks of beans in their little pantry for weeks when the Ustase came, risking their own lives.
The stopper was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.
A FIFA statement said: "The player, together with the crowd, shouted a salute that was used during World War II by the fascist Ustase movement.
The Dinamo Zagreb captain was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.
On the contrary, he thinks that ASIO turned a blind eye to right-wing atrocities in the case of Ustase, the pro-Nazi Croatians who ran terrorist tactics against communist Yugoslavia in the early Cold War years.
Consider also the example of Ante Pavelic, leader of the Croatian Ustase movement and the Croat puppet state of the Nazi regime during the Second World War.
There he was arrested by the Ustase, the fascists running the Nazi puppet state of Croatia, and it seems it was only the intervention of the Pope that stopped his summary execution.
Raised by a Muslim woman who thought him the orphaned son of a Muslim family murdered by Cetniks, the young Alija discovers that he is in fact Ilija,(10) the last living member of that family so hideously murdered by Muslim Ustase.
Sikter Effendi, a Muslim cleric alienated from his community since his public refusal to kiss the Ustase sword and embrace its cause in 1941, helps Alija to reclaim himself.