utopianism


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utopianism

any form of social or political thinking or social theory which presents an ideal form of society as a realizable model of future society (see UTOPIA).

Such thinking has sometimes been criticized as fostering political objectives or political strategies which may have little empirical or theoretical basis (compare Marx's rejection of UTOPIAN SOCIALISM). For MANNHEIM (Ideology and Utopia, 1929), however, utopian ideas can be distinguished from most ideologies in always possessing a potentially ‘transforming effect upon an existing historical social order’. In this sense utopianism may sometimes help to bring about at least some aspects of the ideal model of society which it advances (see also FRANKFURT SCHOOL OF CRITICAL THEORY). At the same time, Mannheim did not fail to notice that utopianism was often rooted in irrationalism. See also MILLENARIANISM, COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
1) The Ralahine Centre gratefully acknowledges the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences for its support of the Irish utopianism research project.
Indeed, while Brown's analysis is richly constructed and makes for sound Marxian scholarship, it ultimately exists within the ambit of conventional insights into utopianism.
Or, to put it another way, if utopianism is reduced to the solution of quotidian political and social problems, how is it different to, say, democracy, or politics?
Secondly, we hope that scholars and activists will identify lived utopianism occurring in other spaces, practices, and activities, beyond intentional communities.
The question running through these books is whether there is value in recalling utopianism for the contemporary moment, whether utopianism itself can be rediscovered.
Segal is clearly sympathetic with a particular strand of utopianism in US history.
O'Brien observes a "renewed interest in the unrealized promise of socialism in the GDR and the misguided utopianism of the RAF" in the sphere of cultural production, particularly mainstream film, that feeds into these narratives of identity building, and she marries those debates with recent critical approaches to post-Wall German film (4).
In chapter 1 of part I, On Utopianism, Levin explains "The Tyranny of Utopianism" and contrasts it with its antipode, individualism and limited constitutional government.
The notion of weak utopianism that I develop is connected directly with the question of education.
easily down the paths of utopianism and defeatism: Are we working toward
In the landscape of twentieth-century Italian writing, Amelia Rossellfs poems stand out as a unique achievement, cultivating oblique, discontinuous forms that mix social diagnosis and satire, memory and introspection, tragedy and utopianism.