Uighur

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Uighur

 

(New-Uighur), the language of the Uighurs, spoken in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China by 5.5 million people (1975, estimate). Uighur is also spoken in certain regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India and in the Kazakh, Uzbek, Kirghiz, and Turkmen SSR’s by more than 150,000 people (1970 census). Uighur belongs to the southeastern (Middle Asian, or Karluk) group of Turkic languages.

Uighur comprises three dialects: the northwestern or central dialect, the eastern, or Lop Nor dialect, and the southern, or Hat’-ang dialect. The northwestern dialect includes ten subdialects, of which the Hi subdialect forms the basis for the modern Uighur literary language. The characteristic phonetic features of Uighur include ten vowels and 26 consonants, including ж[d3], K [q], H [B], and h. Synharmony is inconsistent. The language shares morphological features with the other Turkic languages.

The literary language of the Uighurs in the USSR is a unified national language. In the USSR, the writing system was based on Arabic script until 1930; in Sinkiang this script is still in use. The Latin alphabet was used in the USSR from 1930 to 1946, when the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced, with additional symbols for special phonemes.

The term “Uighur” was adopted for this language in 1921 at the suggestion of S. E. Malov, although Uighur is not a linguistic continuation of the Old Uighur language.

REFERENCES

Kaidarov, A. T. “Uigurskii (novouigurskii) iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966. (Contains bibliography.)
Uigursko-russkiislovar’. Alma-Ata, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, a study by Wu and Song revealed that Uyghur people were "left behind, as Han locals and migrants from other provinces disproportionately took advantage of the increasing opportunities created by China's booming economy.
Instead of establishing a constructive dialogue with the Uyghur community, and making a concerted effort to understand the source of grievances of the Uyghur people, the Chinese government interpreted the conflict as the result of foreign actors and preferred to look for a solution outside of its borders.
In the early 1990s, religious restrictions were imposed in the region, but they took a more serious turn with the 2005 Religious Affair Regulations, which significantly affected the religious lives of the Uyghur people.
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Many have been signed up to the ETIM as one aim of the terror group is to make China's Xinjiang province - where 80 per cent of the population are Uyghur people - independent.
So what we are witnessing in China vis-a-vis its treatment of the Uyghur people is plain double-standard, and there is no way to hide this serious problem.
Peace with the Uyghur Muslim minorities would require Beijing to respect the Uyghur people as equal citizens having similar aspirations as anyone else inside China, and respect their religion - Islam, without restricting their religious duties, and listen to its own Mandela - Professor Ilham Tohti - and not more repression, and surely neither Hanification nor locking up people like Ilham.
She added, ''I will continue to speak out against China's persecution of not only the Uyghur people, but also Tibetans, Mongolians, and the Chinese people themselves until all of them can enjoy their rights and freedoms.
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The CHP delegation was officially received by top CPC officials in Beijing, and they will visit Shanghai, China's business hub, and the final destination of the delegation will be Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, where 12 million Uyghur people live, and which is no longer a source of tension between Ankara and Beijing.
While Turkey leaving behind its Cold-War reflexes, which some might consider included the incitement of the Uyghur people against China, China has also lessened cultural pressures exerted on Uyghur people.
Otherwise, China which has granted the Uyghur people many cultural rights that are not guaranteed to the Kurdish people in Turkey, might lend support to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) as it did in the past.