Uzgen


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Uzgen

 

a city and administrative center of Uzgen Raion, Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR. Situated on the right bank of the Karadar’ia River of the Syr Darya basin, 44 km northeast of the Karasu-Uzbekskii railroad junction and 68 km from the city of Osh. Located on the Osh-Karakul’dzha highway. Population, 29,000 (1976). Food processing is Uzgen’s leading industry.

In antiquity and the Middle Ages, Uzgen was a major city on the trade route from Fergana to Eastern Turkestan. It arose in the last centuries before the Common Era and played an especially important role during the rule of the Karakhanids in the tenth to 12th centuries.

Architectural monuments dating from the 11th and 12th centuries have been preserved in Uzgen, including a minaret with an octahedral foundation and a round column ornamented with 12 bands of patterned masonry. There are also three domed mausoleums—a central one (in ruins), a northern one, and a southern one—adjoining one another; decorative elements include patterned masonry and carved ganch (seeGANCH) and terra-cotta. Several examples of unglazed and glazed painted pottery from the tenth to 12th centuries and fragments of glassware have been found on the site of medieval Uzgen.

REFERENCES

Zadneprovskii, Iu. A. “Arkheologicheskie raboty v Iuzhnoi Kirgizii v 1954 g.” In the collection Trudy Kirgizskoi arkheologo-etno-graficheskoi ekspeditsii, vol. 4. Moscow, 1960. Pages 214–46.
Nusov, V. E. Arkhitektura Kirgizii s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei. Frunze, 1971. Pages 17–29.
References in periodicals archive ?
Residents of Uzgen district located in Osh region have voiced complains against head of the district, Attokur Tajibayev.
He noted that an extremist from Uzgen region was killed in Syria and was identified by his family, who saw a photo of him on the internet.
This hour-long concert includes Sakis Paliogiannis, a singer and dancer from Greece, Turkish fiddler Neva Uzgen and multi-instrumentalist Esko Jrvell.
Clashes and exchanges of fire between groups of youths took place in Osh and the neighbouring districts of Karassu, Arava and Uzgen," Farid Niyazov, a government spokesman, said.
The Muslim Board reported that the draw was held in Nookat, Uzgen, Kara-Suu, Chon-Alai districts and in the city of Osh.
Expression of interest for Feasibility Study for Uzgen Water sub-project.
Kurshab rural area of Uzgen district of Osh region hosted the preparatory events of the second stage of the exercise, organizing reception for refugee arrivals from neighboring states to the territory of Kyrgyzstan on April 22, the Emergencies Ministry reported.
Celsius Coal's Alexander Molyneux, said that Xinjiang Bayi and China Minmetals are top-tier prospective customers for his company's Uzgen Basin coking coal project.
Clashes and exchanges of fire between groups of youths took place overnight Thursday to Friday in Osh and the neighbouring districts of Karassu, Arava and Uzgen," Farid Niyazov, a government spokesman, said.
The project will pilot 10 rural municipalities of Aravan, Kara-Suu, Kara-Kulja, Nookat, Uzgen districts of Osh region and 5 rural municipalities of At-Bashi, Ak-Taala and Naryn districts of Naryn region.
Both companies are absolutely top-tier potential customers for our Uzgen Basin Coking Coal Project.
4 of them were residents of Aravan district, 2 - Uzgen district, 2 - Kara-Suu district.