Uzgen


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Uzgen

 

a city and administrative center of Uzgen Raion, Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR. Situated on the right bank of the Karadar’ia River of the Syr Darya basin, 44 km northeast of the Karasu-Uzbekskii railroad junction and 68 km from the city of Osh. Located on the Osh-Karakul’dzha highway. Population, 29,000 (1976). Food processing is Uzgen’s leading industry.

In antiquity and the Middle Ages, Uzgen was a major city on the trade route from Fergana to Eastern Turkestan. It arose in the last centuries before the Common Era and played an especially important role during the rule of the Karakhanids in the tenth to 12th centuries.

Architectural monuments dating from the 11th and 12th centuries have been preserved in Uzgen, including a minaret with an octahedral foundation and a round column ornamented with 12 bands of patterned masonry. There are also three domed mausoleums—a central one (in ruins), a northern one, and a southern one—adjoining one another; decorative elements include patterned masonry and carved ganch (seeGANCH) and terra-cotta. Several examples of unglazed and glazed painted pottery from the tenth to 12th centuries and fragments of glassware have been found on the site of medieval Uzgen.

REFERENCES

Zadneprovskii, Iu. A. “Arkheologicheskie raboty v Iuzhnoi Kirgizii v 1954 g.” In the collection Trudy Kirgizskoi arkheologo-etno-graficheskoi ekspeditsii, vol. 4. Moscow, 1960. Pages 214–46.
Nusov, V. E. Arkhitektura Kirgizii s drevneishikh vremen do nashikh dnei. Frunze, 1971. Pages 17–29.
References in periodicals archive ?
10 hectares of land were allocated for construction of a brick factory on the territory of the Kyzyl-October village administration of Uzgen district of Osh region, head of the village Erjigit Pasanov said.
I have learnt with sorrow about the landslide in the Uzgen region of the city of Osh in the south of Kyrgyz Republic which resulted in the loss of 24 precious lives, including nine children.
The ACBS has informed the PBSA that due to the numerous human casualties as a result of a landslide on April 29 in Uzgen region of Kyrgyzstan the ACBS Board have decided to postpone the Asian Championship scheduled to be held from May 13-19 for the time being, because of the emergency situation in Kyrgyzstan', said a spokesman of PBSA here on Thursday.
Collective farmers from the New World Kolkhoz in the southern Uzgen region reportedly met the newcomers with "exaggerated" compassion, because the deportees had "suffered from Soviet power too.
Residents of Uzgen district located in Osh region have voiced complains against head of the district, Attokur Tajibayev.
He noted that an extremist from Uzgen region was killed in Syria and was identified by his family, who saw a photo of him on the internet.
31) Ethnic violence on 4-12 June 1990 was between urban Uzbeks and rural Kyrgyz in Osh and Uzgen, Kyrgyzstan; 120 Uzbeks, 50 Kyrgyz and one Russian were killed, and 5000 crimes were reported including assaults, rapes and theft.
This hour-long concert includes Sakis Paliogiannis, a singer and dancer from Greece, Turkish fiddler Neva Uzgen and multi-instrumentalist Esko Jrvell.
Clashes and exchanges of fire between groups of youths took place in Osh and the neighbouring districts of Karassu, Arava and Uzgen," Farid Niyazov, a government spokesman, said.
From their headquarters in Buran and Uzgen, they launched a further attempt at the Islamicization of the local peoples, but their efforts seem to have been defeated by the strength of traditional custom and the natural barriers of the mountains, and Muslim records of the thirteenth century still refer to this as the "land of the kafirs.
The condition of three children and one adult person after food poisoning in Uzgen town is critical, the Ministry of Health reported.
Undertakings in the water sector are being in preparation, notably in the cities of Osh, Uzgen, Kara-suu, Kizyl-Kiya, Balykchy, Cholpon-Ata, and Karakol.