an early Paleolithic dwelling site 50 km west of Budapest, Hungary.
Discovered in 1962 by M. Pecz, Vértesszölös was excavated during 1963-67 by L. Vértes. It is one of the oldest archaeological monuments in Europe (Intermindel period). Campfire remains, the bones of fossilized animals killed by human beings, several thousand primitive chipped stone artifacts and small chiseled weapons (excluding hand knives) have been unearthed. Pieces of a human skull closely resembling the skull of Sinanthropus have been found at Vértesszölös.
REFERENCESBader, O. N. “Mezhdunarodnyi simpozium po probleme seleta v Vengrii.” Sovetskaia arkheologiia, 1968, no. 1.
Kretzoi, M., and L. Vértes. “Upper Biharian (Intermindel) Pebble-industry Occupation Site in Western Hungary.” Current Anthropology, 1965, vol. 6, no. 1.
P. I. BORISKOVSKII