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Video Graphics Array (not "Adapter").


(1) (Video Graphics Array) For compatibility with earlier monitors and data projectors, laptop computers often include a VGA port, which was widely used on PCs (see definition #2 below).

VGA on a Laptop
A VGA socket (middle) is commonly found on Windows-based laptops and entry-level PCs. Macs use only DisplayPort (left) and Mini DisplayPort sockets (see DisplayPort).

(2) (Video Graphics Array) An analog interface between a computer and monitor that was widely used prior to the DVI standard. Older CRTs used VGA, and flat LCD panels typically have both analog VGA and digital DVI. However, newer PCs may have only DVI or DisplayPort outputs. See flat panel display, DVI and DisplayPort.

VGA Is Base Level
VGA officially refers to only 640x480 pixels with 16 or 256 colors. This base resolution is used to boot the PC and also troubleshoot the computer in Safe Mode with the display driver disabled (in case the driver is the cause of the problem).

VGA History
VGA was introduced on IBM's PS/2 line in 1987 and quickly replaced the earlier digital CGA and EGA interfaces, which had lower resolution and fewer colors. In a short time, non-IBM vendors boosted resolution and colors, calling them "Super VGA." IBM later introduced XGA with a 1024x768 resolution, and over the years, numerous resolutions were added that were fractions or multiples of the total number of pixels in VGA and XGA resolutions. See screen resolution and XGA.

The VGA Port (Socket)
Using D-sub sockets, VGA, serial and game ports were found on the back of early PCs. See D-sub connectors.

Screen Resolutions
Modern PC graphics cards support a variety of SD and HD resolutions. This illustration compares the viewing area for several of them.

Screen Resolutions
Modern PC graphics cards support a variety of SD and HD resolutions. This illustration compares the viewing area for several of them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Customers who have already purchased the Wireless USB to VGA Adapter Kit will also be able to purchase an audio adapter separately.
The VGA 600's auto-sensing 8/16-bit bus interface ensures higher performance, specifically in 80286 and 80386 based computers.
The Wireless VGA with Integrated Audio is now available through Cables To Go partners.
The PTN3392 integrates a DisplayPort[TM] receiver and a high-speed triple video DAC, supporting display resolutions from VGA up to WUXGA.
The TruLink VGA With Audio Over Cat5 Extender transmits both VGA and 3.
The popularity of VGA Cat 5 extension products has increased significantly over the past few years as it is a cost-effective and simple method for video distribution and digital signage applications" says John Mardinly, Product Manager for StarTech.
Thousands of WL-VGA-1E lenses can be manufactured simultaneously on a single wafer for a high-volume approach that is making the goal of a $1 VGA camera module a reality.
Additional features of the Wireless USB to VGA Adapter Kit from Cables To Go include:
The EVG920 is a VGA video eyewear using Kopin's BDM-922K with the AV interface.
The new connector will replace the current PC-specific VGA and TV-optimized HDMI/DVI connector.
In addition to PenTile RGBW panels with wide-viewing angles that minimize reflection and glare, Clairvoyante will demonstrate its first-ever transflective PenTile RGBW display, a small-diagonal VGA panel that features reduced power consumption and nearly twice the outdoor viewability relative to other transflective displays currently on the market.
Tomato LSI, a Korean fabless chip manufacturer specializing in display driver Integrated Circuits, will produce the world's smallest single-chip driver solution for amorphous silicon TFT PenTile(R) VGA display panels, an advance made possible by licensing PenTile RGBW(TM) technology from Clairvoyante.