(redirected from Vaclav)



Princes and kings in the Czech lands and Poland.

Saint Václav. Born circa 907; died 935 or 936. Became Czech prince in 924 and ruled until 935 or 936. He belonged to the Premysl dynasty and was the son of Prince Bratislav. He aided the spread of Christianity in its western (Catholic) form. He was killed by conspirators led by his brother Boleslav I. The church canonized him and proclaimed him the patron saint of the Czech lands.

Václav I. (“The One-eyed”). Born 1205; died Sept. 22, 1253. Czech king from 1230; he was the son of Otakar I Premysl. During the reign of Vaclav I, an estate monarchy took form in the Czech lands, and German colonization proceeded.

Václav II. Born Sept. 27, 1271; died June 21, 1305. Czech king from 1283, king of Poland from 1300, and king of Hungary from 1301. Son of Přemysl Otakar (Ottokar) II. Strengthened royal power in the Czech lands. He implemented monetary reform in 1300. He also protected German colonization.

Václav III. Born 1289; died Aug. 4, 1306. Became king of the Czechs and of Poland in 1305. Son of Václav II; last king of the Přemysl dynasty.

Václav IV. Born Feb. 26, 1361; died Aug. 16, 1419. Became king of the Czechs in 1378 and was emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1378 to 1400. Son of Charles I (IV). During his reign the separatist actions of feudal lords became more vigorous, and Václav IV was forced to make a series of concessions to powerful feudal nobles, including the creation in 1396 of a permanent royal council that consisted of powerful nobles and limited royal power. He was deposed from the German throne in 1400 by the electors. In the last years of his reign the Hussite revolutionary movement began in the Czech lands, and for some time Václav IV supported the reform activities of Jan Hus.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Xenia Liiffier, Michael Bosch--oboe, Jane Gower--bassoon, Helena Zemanova--violin, Ludek Brany--double-bass, Shizuko Noiri--lu te, Vaclav Luks--harpsichord.
The autobiography by Czech pianist, teacher, composer, and music critic Johann Wenzel Tomaschek/Han Vaclav Tomasek (1774-1850) first appeared in installments between 1845 and 1850 in the periodical Libussa, and English excerpts have appeared in musical journals, but Moore presents the first full English translation.
The 20162017 Vaclav Havel Journalism Fellows will share individual perspectives on their countries, these conflicts, and the challenges facing journalism in the region.
Vaclav Havel Airport has confirmed that a Boeing 737 was damaged during a hangar fire on 9 June, the company said.
Skoda was formed from a merger between car and motorbike makers Vaclav Laurin (a mechanic) and Vaclav Klement (a bookseller) and Czech engineering firm Pizen Skodova.
An Account of Human Claims on the Biosphere's Stores of Living Matter: this was the title of a lecture Vaclav Smil gave at the Department of Environmental Systems Science (D-USYS) at ETH Zurich in September 2014.
An Uncanny Era: Conversations between Vaclav Havel and Adam Michnik.
But that was immediately cancelled out by Batchelor and Maciej Janowski in Heat 6, meaning the scores were level ahead of the moment of controversy when Vaclav Milik attempted to go into the second lap of Heat 7 on the outside of Sarjeant - but the Czech rider was never alongside the Bees reserve and was effectively riding into a closing gap as Sarjeant turned into the corner.
Airport operations were not affected, a spokeswoman for Vaclav Havel Airport Prague said earlier.
Skoda's association with the sport dates back to the start of the company in 1895, when their founders, Vaclav Laurin and Vaclav Klement, began manufacturing bicycles in Czechoslovakia.
Vaclav Sitner, one of the team who created the whisky in the 1970s, recalled how difficult it was to perfect the process.