Arya Samaj

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Arya Samaj:

see Saraswati, DayanandaSaraswati, Dayananda
, 1824–83, Indian religious reformer, founder of the Arya Samaj movement. He was a Brahman from Gujarat who became the major spokesman for the 19th-century Hindu revival that placed exclusive authority in the Vedas.
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Arya Samaj

 

(in Hindi, Society of the Aryans), a religious, reformist, and educational society in India, which originated in 1875 and was basically composed of members of the petit bourgeois intelligentsia. Its founder was Dayananda Sara-svati. The Arya Samaj called for the independence of India and the rebirth of its national culture. It fought against the caste system and espoused the advancement of enlightenment and the enactment of religious and customary social reforms. The activity of Arya Samaj prepared the ground for the awakening of national consciousness and the development of the national liberation movement. In 1891 the society had about 40,000 members. In contemporary India it exists as a small religious group.

L. I. IUREVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
The Periyatirumuti Ataivu says that Paravastu Bhattar Piran Jiyar was a vaidika brahmin.
They refer to "supreme vaidika (Vedic) Srivaisnava brahmins (paramavaidikasrivaisnavabrahmana);" evidently emphasizing either that Srivaisnava brahmins are Vedic or that some Srivaisnava brahmins (others [Sattadas?
In this situation, alongside of vaidika brahmin Srivaisnavas, they would have called themselves sattada, meaning essentially brahmin but non-vaidika.
In the course of time, given the weight of vaidika tradition and the slackening of Vijayanagar patronage, the Sattadas, perhaps never considered the equal of vaidika brahmins, lost ground.
The term sattada must have arisen as vaidika and non-vaidika traditions joined battle for control of the temples.