Hans Vaihinger

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Vaihinger, Hans

 

Born Sept. 25, 1852, in Nehren, near Tübingen; died Dec. 18, 1933, in Halle. German idealist philosopher.

Vaihinger became a professor of philosophy at the University of Strasbourg in 1883 and at the University of Halle in 1906. He was the author of Commentary to Kant’s “Critique of PureReason” (vols. 1–2, 1881–82). He founded the journal Kant-Studien in 1897 and the Kant Society in 1904. Vaihinger’s main work, The Philosophy of “As If” (1911), was written under the influence of Kant, who had proposed using the fundamental philosophical ideas (spirit, world, god) “as if” (als ob) their objects were real (see Soch., vol. 3, Moscow, 1964, pp. 571–72). In his book Vaihinger developed the subjective idealist concept of fictionalism, or “critical positivism.” He considered scientific and philosophical concepts (“atom,” “infinitesimal,” “absolute,” “god,” and others) to be fictions that have no theoretical value but are important in practice. Thus Vaihinger came to agnostic conclusions about the impossibility of knowing reality as it is “in fact” and admitted that sensations are the ultimate evidence accessible to knowing.

WORKS

Hartmann, Dühring und Lange. Iserlohn, 1876.
Pessimismus und Optimismus. Berlin, 1924.
In Russian translation:
Nitsshe kakfi losof. St. Petersburg, 1913.

REFERENCE

Bakradze, K. S. Ocherki po istorii noveishei i sovremennoi burzhuaznoi filosofii. Tbilisi, 1960.
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He covers useful truths: lessons from Hans Vaihinger, a measure of belief: lessons from Frank Ramsey, and political ideals: lessons from John Rawls.
Something similar was made by Hans Vaihinger (10) who, in his famous Die Philosophie des Als ob, (11) underlined the fictional nature of the "thing in itself' present in Kant's transcendental philosophy, especially in the light of the Opus postumum where the philosopher of Konigsberg defined the Ding an sich as an ens rationis and, for that reason, "a nonentity (non ens), something impossible, to which no representation corresponds.
VAIHINGER, Commentar zu Kants Kritik der reinen Vernunft (Scientia, Stuttgart, 1881-1892) 484.
For example, in 1822 the family account of Sebastian Vaihinger was terminated with the designation "see J.
In his 1927 "The Future of an Illusion," Sigmund Freud will name this same logic (albeit in the declension given to it by Hans Vaihinger in 1922) as one of the symptoms of compensatory religious thought (Freud 1961, 28-29, 33-34)
See Hans Vaihinger, The Philosophy of As if: A System of the theoretical, Practical and Religious Fictions of Mankind (1911).
Following the philosopher Hans Vaihinger, Kermode holds that all of these narrative patterns, not just obviously unfactual literary ones, are invented by the mind, not discovered in the external world, although their creation is prompted by outward events or circumstances (40).
16) En la traduccion de Mario Caimi que seguimos aqui, este advierte que Vaihinger sugiere que aqui se lea: "de la imaginacion reproductiva".
O estudo alerta para a necessidade de estrategias de capacitacao e fortalecimento dos recursos humanos de cada maternidade (Farina, Rodriguez, Vaihinger, Salva, & Naves, 2012).
He understood it as a conglomerate of various predecessors including, among others, the cognitive constructivism of Jean Piaget, the philosophical skepticisim of George Berkeley, the fictionalism of Hans Vaihinger, the transcendental philosophy of Immanuel Kant, and the Renaissance philosophy of Giambattista Vico.
Philosophically, Adler was influenced by Kant, Nietzche, Vaihinger, Goethe, Shakespeare, and the Bible.