Vaisya

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Related to Vaisyas: Vaishyas, Sudras

Vaisya

 

(Sanskrit), the members of one of the four castes in ancient India. In the period before the emergence of class society, the Vaisyas enjoyed full legal rights along with the Kshatriya and Brahman castes. In the class society of ancient India, the Vaisyas included free members of a community who enjoyed full legal rights: farmers, livestock raisers, and certain artisans and traders in cities and villages. Beginning in the first centuries of the Common Era, as feudal relations developed and communal dwellers became dependent peasants, farmers (and also the majority of artisans) began to be regarded as Sudras (a caste that did not enjoy full legal rights), but the term “Vaisya” continued to be applied mainly to traders.

G. F. IL’IN

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It explains how the world is fonned "Purusa" with each class representing a part of the body described as follows: "The Brahmin was his mouth, his two anns became the rajanya (Kshatriyas), his thighs arc what the Vaisya are.
Por otro lado, cada parte del cuerpo elegida posee una funcion similar a la del grupo social: con la boca se habla, como hablan los brahmanes al recitar los Vedas; con los brazos se lucha, como luchan los ksatriyas al conquistar otros pueblos; con las piernas se camina, como caminan los vaisyas para producir o comerciar; y el cuerpo se sostiene con los pies, los siervos que atienden a las otras partes para que pueden desempenar a cabalidad sus roles.
Por ultimo, asi como brahmanes y ksatriyas se oponen a vaisyas y sudras, del mismo modo, la boca y los brazos se ubican, con el ombligo como punto medio, en el extremo opuesto del cuerpo con respecto a las piernas y los pies.
The Vaisyas are in finance, logistics and trade-related operations.
155: "The son of a brahmana, a ksatriya, or a vaisya, by a woman of the servile class, shall inherit no part of the estate, unless he be virtuous; nor jointly with other sons, unless his mother was lawfully married; whatever his father may give him, let that be his own.
For example, Agni, Brhaspati, Vac, and Mitra were brahmanas; Varuna, Rudra, Vayu, Yama, and Visnu were ksatriyas; multiple deities such as the Visve Devas, Adityas, Maruts, Vasus, and Rhus were vaisyas or sudras; Savitr and Soma could be either brahmanas or ksatriyas; Sarasvati could be either brahmana or vaisya; and Prajapati could be of any varna.
calls "essential powers," which are secondary metaphysical forces, such as brahmavarcasa and tejas associated with brahmanas; virya, ojas, and bala associated with ksatriyas; and pusti, urj, and anna associated with vaisyas.
There are many mythic Events recounted in the brahmanas, the dharmasastras, the epics and puranas(2) which explain how one particular person or group came to be (sudras (see the lists of "lapsed" ksatriyas who became sudras in Manusmarti(3), or vaisyas (see the history of the Vaisya Agrawals(4), or even brahmans (see Devapi, Visvamitra, also his sons(5).
In a battle with Indra they were defeated, and the agreement reached was that their religion would henceforth be controlled and directed by brahmins, their kingly fantily would be incorporated into Indra's community but only at the rank of vaisyas (not ksatriyas), and that the rest of their people would be sudras (`because of their sins'.
As we shall see below, Sattada literature offers two hierarchies of Srivaisnavas: one says that the Sattadas are brahmin, the Kulasekharas are ksatriya, the Trivarnikas are vaisyas and the Namadharis are sudra.
63) indicate that the other Mudalis are sub-divisions of the Velalas, considered to be either sudra or vaisya.
However, the occupations assigned to the various Varnas were not professions but social functions: the Brahmin was to teach the others their duty and preserve religion, the Ksatriya was to protect his subjects, the Vaisya was to cultivate the soil or do business, and the Sudra was to work for the above-mentioned classes.