Valaam Monastery

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Valaam Monastery

 

(Preobrazhenskii Monastery), located on Valaam Island in Lake Ladoga.

The Valaam Monastery was founded by people from Novgorod no later than the beginning of the 14th century. Situated on the border of Novgorod’s possessions, it served as a fortress, repulsing the attacks of the Swedes on many occasions. It was destroyed by the Swedes in 1611 and restored in 1715 by a ukase of Peter I the Great. The monastery was known for its strict regulations. It was used as a monastic prison. Valaam Monastery was famous for its well-organized farm; there was dairy livestock-raising, orchard cultivation, vegetable raising, fishing, and handicrafts. About 40 small islands with 130 desiatiny (141.7 hectares) of land suitable for sowing and haying belonged to the monastery. The monastery’s farm employed the labor of monks and numerous pilgrims and peasants. Generous payments by the Moscow grand princes and tsars were a substantial item in the income of the monastery. The monastery is preserved as a historical and architectural monument.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1389, the monk Efrem founded the Valamo Monastery on Holy Island in Lake Ladoga, and around 1395, monks from the Valamo Monastery under Arsenii Konevskii founded the Konevskii Monastery on Konevets Island.
Ioann's actions, along with Vasilii Kalika's earlier and more merciful treatment of the Karelians in 1339 and his rebuilding of the fortress of Orekhov in 1352, show that the archbishops encouraged or appealed to the civil authorities to support causes, often religious causes, that the archbishops championed, such as Vasilii's effort to protect Karelian converts to Orthodoxy and his rebuilding of Orekhov, or Ioann's later effort to attack the pagan Karelians to help the Valamo Monastery.
100) Okhotina-Lind, Skazanie o Valaamskom monastyre, 166-69; English translation in Natalia Okhotina, "The Tale of the Valamo Monastery," Ortodoksia 42 (1993): 124-35.
Sometimes we travel six hours to seminars at the New Valamo Monastery in East Finland, to which our group is linked.