valeric acid

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valeric acid

[və′lir·ik ′as·əd]
(organic chemistry)
CH3(CH2)3COOH A combustible, toxic, colorless liquid with a penetrating aroma; soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; boils at 185°C; used to make flavors, perfumes, lubricants, plasticizers, and pharmaceuticals. Also known as valerianic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scomplexes of Cu(II) and Ni(II) with acetone and acetylaldehyde hydrazones derivered from valeric isovateric, saliaychic (inpresss)
Although critiques like Valeric Smith's Self-Discovery and Authority in Afro-American Narrative (1987) have illuminated the intertextuality of Jacobs's narrative with the male slave narrative and domestic novel conventions, Foster's is the first critical commentary to expand further the literary genealogy of Jacobs's now-classic text.
Specifically, formulations containing valeric or pentanoic (C5), hexanoic or caproic (C6), heptanoic (C7), caprylic or octanoic (C8), pelargonic or nonanoic (C9), and/or decanoic or capric (C10) saturated acid demonstrated efficacy against mold growth for up to 12 weeks in the ASTM D4445 standard laboratory test for mold.
Wilcox noted, "hops lose their active properties on keeping" (Wilcox, 1912), while Youngken asserted that they are "unfit for use in pharmacy when they develop a valeric acid odor" (Youngken, 1950).
5] reported biodegradability of the PEUs whose soft and hard segments were polycaprolactone diol and 3-hydroxy butyric acid/3-hydroxy valeric acid copolyester diol, respectively.
Other constituents of the oil are phellandrene, [alpha]- and [beta]-pinene, jasmone, pulegone, trans-sabinene hydrate, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, valeric acid, etc.
Also present is valeric acid, which is a relaxant and tranquilliser and so is very good at countering stress.
The molar proportions of other VFA (butyric, iso-butyric, valeric, iso-valeric) and the ratio of acetic:propionic were similar across the dietary treatments.
Granda, this fermentation is similar to anaerobic digestion; however, the final products are carboxylic acids, which are the short-chain fatty acids such as propionic, butyric, valeric, caproic, heptanoic and octanoic acids rather than lower-value methane typically produced in anaerobic digestion.
Products: Isopentanoic Acid, Valeric Acid, n-Propanol, Propanol PA PM 6719