Born Feb. 9, 1895, in Bolzano; died May 17, 1930, in Berlin. German designer in rocket technology and exponent of the idea of interplanetary flight.
Valier entered the University of Innsbruck in 1913. During 1917-18 he was a pilot in an Austrian aviation unit. From 1918 to 1922 he continued his education at the universities of Vienna, Innsbruck, and Munich. He developed the idea of using jet engines in automobiles, trolleys, boats, and airplanes. With the financial backing of industrialist F. Opel, Valier and F. Sander built a racing car (tested in March 1928) that used powder booster and force rockets as an engine. In 1929, Valier built and tested a racing car with 24 solid-propellant rockets that reached a speed of 230 km/hr. In 1930, he began experiments with a liquid-propellant jet engine; he was killed when a combustion chamber exploded.
WORKSIn Russian translation:
Polet v mirovoe prostranstvo kaktekhnicheskaia vozmozhnost’. Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.