Vamana


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Vamana

 

Years of birth and death unknown. Indian theoretician of literature of the second half of the eighth to the first half of the ninth centuries.

Vamana was the author of the treatise Kavyalankara (Sutra on Poetic Embellishments), which consisted of three parts and was written in the form of aphorisms (sutras) with glosses (vritti). Vamana believed that the riti (poetic styles) were the soul of poetry. He distinguished three forms of riti: Pancali, which is marked by a tender, sweet sound; Gaudi, which is distinguished by brilliant, forceful poetic expression; and Vaidarbhi, which combines all the qualities of poetic speech and is considered the perfect form.

REFERENCES

De, S. K. Studies in the History of Sanskrit Poetics, vols. 1-2. London, 1923-25.
Kane, P. V. “History of Sanskrit Poetics.” In Visvanatha Sahityadarpana. Bombay, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seeing that Vamana was actually Lord Vishnu, and that he did not have anywhere to keep his foot the third time, Maveli knelt down and requested Vamana to place the last step on his head.
The male figure next to Vamana, who stands bearing a parasol at Vishnu's top right, may be conjectured to be Bali.
35) Tambien existen 18 textos no principales o subordinados a estos, llamados los Upa-Puranas, que son: Sanatkumara, Narasimha, Brihannaradiya, Sivarahasya, Durvasa, Kapila, Vamana, Bhargava, Varuna, Kalika, Samba, Nandi, Surya, Parasara, Vasishtha, Devi-Bhagavata, Ganesha y Hamsa.
The 'Devas', however, grew jealous of the popular king and had him banished down to the netherworld by Lord Vishnu, who incarnated as Vamana, the dwarf, for the purpose.
In the 6th/7th century, in Bhamaha, Vamana, we have a revised notion--the notion of samajika, a social being, a participant in a collective performance as it were.
Ivor Richards also seems to agree with Vamana when he perceives that in the hands of a creative writer language acquires a life and identity of its own (1936: 131).
After snehana, swedana and shirodhara have been performed, ama is back in the gastrointestinal tract and can be removed from it with the main panchakarma therapies: Vamana, nasya, virechan, raktamokshana, and basti.
Some others extol the popular myth of a jealous god Vamana pushing down a just king Mahabali to the netherworld.
Vamona is named after Vamana, the dwarf incarnation of Vishnu, using the Iberianized version of the name.
Apart from herbal medicines, Ayurveda uses oil massages, steam bath, vamana (emesis), virechana (purgation) and low-calorie diets to "control fat metabolism".
The legend has it that 'Asura' king Mahabali was banished to the netherworld by Lord Vishnu, who took the incarnation of Vamana (the dwarf), under pressure from 'Devas', who were jealous of the King's popularity.
To Vamana, the complete beauty of a poem is alamkara, the process of beautification is also alamkara and factors, figures of speech which are employed as means in this process are also called alamkaras.