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(vĕ`nərn), lake, c.2,145 sq mi (5,560 sq km), SW Sweden, fed by the Klarälven and drained by the Götaälv SW into the Kattegat. It is the largest lake in Sweden and the third largest in Europe. The deep lake, traversed by the Göta Canal, accommodates small oceangoing vessels. There are vast stands of forest north of the lake; pulp and paper mills line the shore. Karlstad is the principal city on the lake.



a lake in southern Sweden. Area, 5,500 sq km (the third largest in Europe after Lakes Ladoga and Onega). Length, approximately 140 km; maximum width, 80 km. Maximum depth, 100 m ; elevation, 44 m above sea level. Area of the water basin, approximately 48,000 sq km.

Vänern occupies a tectonic depression—a graben deepened by Pleistocene glaciers and bordered in some areas by fractures and faults. Its shoreline is mainly low and much indented. The lake has many islands. The variations in the level are not considerable and are gradual because of the diversification of the floodwaters of the tributaries flowing into the lake from the north and south and also as a result of the regulation of the flow by a dam. The lake freezes up in December or January and thaws at the end of April. However the ice cover is not firm. More than 30 rivers flow into the lake, the largest being Klarälven. The Göta älv flows out of the lake into the Kattegat. Vänern is part of the inland waterway joining Stockholm and Göteborg, known usually as the Göta Canal. There is navigation throughout the lake; the main ports are Karlstad in the north, Mariestad in the east, and Vänersborg in the southwest.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lead and zinc concentrates are trucked to a port on Lake Vanern for shipping through the inland waterway system to the North Sea.
Dynawind AB, a Morphic (STO:MORPB) subsidiary, has revealed in September that the projected cost of the company's wind power project Lake Vanern has been exceeded by at most SEK 30m.
The newly-opened Princess Victoria Huset is on the banks of Lake Vanern next to Lacko Castle.
Her uncle Ashock Hindocha told how her parents Vinod and Nilam led the tributes as they scattered the ashes in Lake Vanern, near Mariestad in Sweden.
According to a report in The Local, the ship, thought to be from the Vendel era (550-793) of Swedish prehistory, was found in Sunnerby on the island of Kallandso in Lake Vanern in central Sweden.
The contract is a part of BanaVag (RailRoad) in Western Sweden, a cooperation project between the rail and road administrations to handle the expansion to motorway and dual rail track standards for road E45 and Norway/Lake Vanern railroad between Agnesberg and Alvangen.
Early Holocene shore displacement and evidence of irregular isostatic uplift northwest of Lake Vanern, western Sweden.
His brother Ashok said at the family home: "We will gather around Lake Vanern, where Anni loved spending her childhood swimming, cycling, walking and playing with friends.
2008) noted lower values of nitrate N and Si in Lake Vanern in ice-free winters and higher values of those elements in winters with an ice cover.
Never before has a Viking shipwreck been found in Swedish waters," marine archaeologist Roland Peterson from the Vanern Museum told The Local.
Swedish technology group Morphic Technologies AB said on Tuesday (26 June) that its subsidiary DynaWind AB has secured an order for five 3 MW wind power plants from the Swedish consortium Vindpark Vanern.