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(vĕ`nərn), lake, c.2,145 sq mi (5,560 sq km), SW Sweden, fed by the Klarälven and drained by the Götaälv SW into the Kattegat. It is the largest lake in Sweden and the third largest in Europe. The deep lake, traversed by the Göta Canal, accommodates small oceangoing vessels. There are vast stands of forest north of the lake; pulp and paper mills line the shore. Karlstad is the principal city on the lake.



a lake in southern Sweden. Area, 5,500 sq km (the third largest in Europe after Lakes Ladoga and Onega). Length, approximately 140 km; maximum width, 80 km. Maximum depth, 100 m ; elevation, 44 m above sea level. Area of the water basin, approximately 48,000 sq km.

Vänern occupies a tectonic depression—a graben deepened by Pleistocene glaciers and bordered in some areas by fractures and faults. Its shoreline is mainly low and much indented. The lake has many islands. The variations in the level are not considerable and are gradual because of the diversification of the floodwaters of the tributaries flowing into the lake from the north and south and also as a result of the regulation of the flow by a dam. The lake freezes up in December or January and thaws at the end of April. However the ice cover is not firm. More than 30 rivers flow into the lake, the largest being Klarälven. The Göta älv flows out of the lake into the Kattegat. Vänern is part of the inland waterway joining Stockholm and Göteborg, known usually as the Göta Canal. There is navigation throughout the lake; the main ports are Karlstad in the north, Mariestad in the east, and Vänersborg in the southwest.

References in periodicals archive ?
Officials at the Lake Vanern Museum have said that this is the only known ship burial to be uncovered in Sweden.
Archaeologists from Lake Vanern Museum and Gothenburg University are busy excavating the find that includes equipment, gifts and animal sacrifices.
The ship's clinker-built structure also strengthened the hypothesis that the vessel found in the Luro archipelago, in the middle of Lake Vanern, dates from the Viking era.
Final delivery is scheduled for week 35 of 2009," says Johannes Falk, Head of Information for the Lake Vanern Wind Park project and Executive Vice President Investor Relations at Morphic Technologies AB.
In 2007, orders were received for a total of ten 3 MW turbines for the Lake Vanern Wind Park.
Vanern storage cabinet with mirror, pounds 49, Ikea (0845 355 1141, www.
Even her childhood playhouse remains as it was in the garden, and they go to nearby Lake Vanern to pray where their daughter's ashes were scattered after her funeral in London.
Before flying out for the trial we will stand around Lake Vanern in her home town of Mariestad where Anni's ashes are scattered and pray that justice is finally done.
he newlyopened TPRINCESS VICTORIA HUSET is on the banks of Lake Vanern next to Lacko Castle.
Climatological Ice Atlas for the Baltic Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak and Lake Vanern (1963-1979).