the Buddha), Makkhali Gosala (the Ajivika teacher), and Vardhamana
Even the notion of the young prince abandoning affluence begins to sound like one more piece of typical stage setting when we realize the same setup occurs in the hagiography of the Jaina saint Vardhamana
(usually called Mahavira, "Great Hero"), who supposedly lived a single generation earlier than the Buddha.
However, their final and most historically identifiable "Ford-maker" (Tirthankara) was Vardhamana
, usually known by the honorific title Mahavira ("Great Hero"), a contemporary of the Buddha in North India during the sixth century B.
For Jains, it commemorates when the prince Mahavira, also known as Vardhamana
, achieved moksha - freedom from the cycle of life and death.
yasyam vedim parigrhnanti bhumyam yasyam yajnam tanvate visvakarmanah yasyam miyante svaravah prthivyam urdhvah sukra ahutyah purastat sa no bhumir vardhayad vardhamana