Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

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Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease:

see prionprion
, abnormal form of a protein found in mammals, believed to cause a group of diseases known as prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Well-known prion diseases are Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and kuru in humans, scrapie in sheep, bovine
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References in periodicals archive ?
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease is caused by rogue proteins called prions.
Mad cow disease, or bovine spongiform encephalopathy, is suspected of causing variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the fatal human equivalent of mad cow disease.
In humans, eating meat products contaminated with the cattle disease is linked to fatal variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
And we still have no certain knowledge that BSE in cattle was caused by them eating food contaminated by the processed brains of other animals, or that it can be passed on to humans in the form of new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
The Oprah show aired on April 16, 1996, less than a month after the British government reversed a decade of denial and admitted that consumption of beef from mad cows was the "most likely" explanation for the appearance of a bizarre, previously unseen dementia in humans known as "new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," an incurable and invariably fatal strain that kills its victims by filling their brains with microscopic, spongy holes.
In contrast, variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is an acquired disorder that is most likely caused by the consumption of meat or meat products contaminated with the bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent.
Dr Roland Salmon, one of the Public Health Wales professionals involved in developing the idea, said the hypothesis also helps to explain why there have been relatively few cases of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
Now Cordelia is mourning close pal Elizabeth Smith, 23, who died on October 4 from variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
Infectious proteins called prions cause mad cow disease, scrapie in sheep, and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in people.
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease could have an incubation time of 30 years or longer and could affect a wider population than currently forecast, according to new research on patients with a similar human prion disease.

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