varicose veins

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Related to varicose veins: Spider veins

varicose veins

a condition in which the superficial veins, esp of the legs, become tortuous, knotted, and swollen: caused by a defect in the venous valves or in the venous pump that normally moves the blood out of the legs when standing for long periods

Varicose Veins


a change in the veins expressed in sacculate dilation, increase in length, and the formation of convolutions and nodular glomeris. The disease most often affects veins of the lower extremities and rectum and, more rarely, the veins of the spermatic cord and the esophagus. Women are affected three times more frequently than men. Most significant in the occurrence of varicose veins are congenital weakness of the venous walls, blood-vessel anomalies, changes in the elasticity of the muscle layer, and valvular insufficiency. Velocity of blood flow in the dilated veins slows, which often leads to formation of thrombi in them. Difficult outflow of blood resulting from thrombosis of the veins or constipation and pressure on the veins of the small pelvis from a tumor or, in women, from the pregnant uterus promote the development of the disease. Varicose veins often occur with flat feet. Sometimes they develop in persons who engage in heavy physical labor (blacksmiths, stevedores) or in those whose occupations involve long hours of standing (cooks, barbers, waitresses, and so on). With varicose veins of the lower extremities, the surface (subcutaneous) veins are the ones predominantly affected. The disease develops gradually. Patients complain of a sensation of heaviness in the affected leg, of rapid fatigue, and puffiness—at first passing and in later stages constant. Sometimes a varicose ulcer develops on the affected leg. Dilated veins are usually readily visible through the skin. Treatment depends on the degree of evidence of symptoms and on the extent of the pathological process. In early stages of varicose veins that are not severely manifested, treatment consists of binding the legs with an elastic bandage or the wearing of rubber stockings. Severely manifested varicose veins necessitate surgical treatment. Prophylaxis, when there is a hereditary predisposition to varicose veins, consists of general strengthening measures (therapeutic exercise, vitamin therapy, air and sea baths, and so forth). For women during pregnancy, beginning with the first two to three months, at the first signs of varicose veins of the extremities elastic bandaging should be used and continued into the first months postpartum.


Tal’, I. M. Varikoznoe rasshirenie ven nizhnikh konechnostei. Leningrad, 1961.
Mamamtavrishvili, D. G. Bolezni ven. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
7 million Canadians have varicose veins, with women twice as likely as men to develop varicosities.
While the majority of sufferers will develop them on their legs, varicose veins can occur elsewhere, including the abdomen, on the arms (although this is rare) and within the pelvis and around the ovaries.
A 46-year-old man presented with bilateral leg ulcers and unilateral lower limb varicose veins.
In the majority of cases, varicose veins don't require treatment.
If varicose veins are untreated, they can lead to much more serious forms of venous disease called CVI, which stands for Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
For a long time, the accepted treatment for varicose veins was surgical, but the use of a sclerosing foam has profoundly changed the situation.
The researchers examined healthy human veins and varicose veins to identify genes in the vein's smooth muscle cells that may be involved in the development of varicosis.
Varicose veins are veins that look swollen and stretched all the time.
Certain people seem to be more predisposed to varicose veins than others, including:
The American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimates that at least half of all women are affected by varicose veins, and that 41 percent of them will have some type by the time they reach the age of 50.
I'm sorry to say that some factors leading to varicose veins are out of our control, namely age and genes.