Varlaam


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Varlaam

 

Born Circa 1590; Died Circa 1657. Initiator Of Book Printing In Moldavia. Translator. Born Into A Free Peasant’S Family. Served As Metropolitan Of Moldavia. Expert In Greek, Latin, And Slavic Languages.

Varlaam was one of the founders of the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy (1640) in Ia§i. He was an advocate of enlightenment and of friendship with Russia. In 1628 he visited Kiev and Moscow as a member of an embassy of the Moldavian hospodar Miron Barnovskii. In 1641, with the support of Peter Mogila, he founded a printing press under the auspices of the Iasj Monastery of the Three Saints. It printed four books, including the Instructive Gospel (Kazaniia, 1643), a collection of ecclesiastical precepts and a valuable monument of the literary language of the period, and the Code (1646), a monument of feudal legislation.

REFERENCES

Istoriia literaturii moldovenesht’, vol. 1. Kishinev, 1958. Vartichan, I. K., P. Grekul, and K. Popovich. Stranitsy druzhby. Kishinev, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Brindley Sherratt was a powerful Pimen and Jonathan Veira illuminated the role of Varlaam with characteristic vivacity.
Raymond Aceto made a sonorous Pimen, Stefan Margita boasted firm, clear tone as the wily Grigory and young Canadian Robert Pomakov, his bass powerful if rather diffuse, did vivid double duty as a boisterous Varlaam and an icy Shchelkalov.
The current batch of three newly remastered reissues in this series includes Giulini's award-winning recording of Mozart's Don Giovanni and Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov, in which the great Bulgarian bass Boris Christoff takes on the roles of Boris, Pimen and Varlaam.