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Related to Vasculitis: rheumatoid vasculitis, Hypersensitivity vasculitis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis


Inflammation of a blood vessel or a lymph vessel. Also known as angiitis.



inflammation of the walls of the small blood vessels. Vasculitis is usually caused by influenza, typhus, streptococcal infections (erysipelas, angina), or physical factors (frostbite, burns). Vasculitis may also arise as a secondary manifestation of collagen or allergic diseases, such as rheumatism, lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and serum and drug diseases. Sometimes vasculitis may be caused by a combination of some of these factors. The most usual, and often the only, external symptom of vasculitis is affection of the skin (hemorrhages, rashes, necrotic nidi, and so forth). As vasculitis progresses, thrombi may form in the vessels (thrombovasculitis), necrosis of the walls of the vessels may occur, and aneurysms may form. In the final stage of vasculitis complete occlusion of the vessels by a thrombus may occur, which leads to the disrupting of nutrition to the corresponding tissues and organs, bursting of aneurysms, and hemorrhaging into the surrounding tissues. Vasculitis is classified according to site as cutaneous and visceral; the latter predominantly affects the vessels of serous and mucous membranes of internal organs, such as the liver and kidneys. Treatment consists of the removal of the main disease causing the vasculitis.


Davydovskii, I. V. Patoligicheskaia anatomiia i patogenez boleznei cheloveka, 3rd ed., vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1956-58.


References in periodicals archive ?
It also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for Vasculitis and special features on late-stage and discontinued projects.
The combination of oral cyclophosphamide and methylprednisolone induces remission in about 80% to 90% of patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis, with about 75% experiencing complete remission and most remissions occurring between 2 and 6 months.
The contribution of genetic variation and infection to the pathogenesis of ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis.
Pat Fearnside, treasurer of Vasculitis UK, said: "We are extremely grateful to the Scholes Methodist Choir and to Totties Garden Centre for thinking about us.
Sequential development of systemic vasculitis with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies complicating anti-glomerular basement membrane disease.
Although pulmonary capillaritis is a histopathologic diagnosis that is not pathognomonic of a specific disorder, its presence typically raises the possibility of an underlying systemic vasculitis or collagen vascular disease.
Vasculitis must be considered among the causes of ischemic heart disease, which may be as high as 8-14% under the age of 35 (1, 2).
Here, we report a patient who had a previous MPA diagnosis with pulmonary capillaritis, no renal involvement and positive p-ANCA testing and new developing coexistence of RA with this vasculitis.
Wegener granulomatosis (WG) is an idiopathic, nonneoplastic, aseptic, necrotizing disease characterized by vasculitis and destructive properties.
In all postmortem examinations multifocal to coalescing dermal hemorrhage, eosinophilic dermatitis, severe edema, and vasculitis were observed.