Vassal State


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Vassal State

 

a feudal state in vassal dependence upon another state, or suzerain. Various formalities were established testifying to this subordination, such as the confirmation of the head of the vassal state by the suzerain and the taking of oaths of “loyalty and obedience” by the vassal state head; these formalities conferred a personal character to the dependence of the vassal upon the suzerain. The most important signs of vassal dependence were military aid and the payment of tribute. The vassal state was deprived not only of many essential rights in internal affairs (for example, in many cases the right of issuing money) but also of the right to maintain diplomatic relations and to conclude treaties with other states. The vassal state automatically came under the jurisdiction of the rules of political, trade, and customs treaties concluded by the suzerain state unless stipulated otherwise in the treaties themselves. In other words, in spite of a certain independence in its internal life, the vassal state was restricted in its rights in international affairs: in these it was represented by the suzerain state.

As capitalism grew stronger, the vassal system as a form of relationship between states gradually lost its importance. Within Europe the last vassal states were Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro (until 1878) and Bulgaria (until 1908), which were dependent on Turkey; in the contemporary period in Europe only one vassal state remains preserved as a historical survival—the republic of Andorra, which has a vassal dependence on France and the episcopate of Urgel (Spain). Outside of Europe the last important example of a vassal state was Egypt, which had a vassal dependence on Turkey until 1914.

Imperialist states attempted to adjust the form of the vassal system to the objectives of their colonial policy: an example of such a colonial vassal system can be seen in the relations of the numerous Indian princedoms (over 500), which were in the position of vassal states to Great Britain until the formation of independent India and Pakistan in 1947.

References in periodicals archive ?
But the quartet's words and actions are in direct conflict with Qatar's line of thinking as well as vision for the region, and only serve to expose their real design behind boycott of Qatar--to curtail its sovereignty and force the country become a vassal state.
We are not a vassal state of the EU for as long as we have representation In the European parliament, which we do not have in the US Congress despite paying billions for an American trident missile "defence" system that does not protect us from the use of radioactive isotopes in our cities.
It is thus already an example of the vassal state hardline Brexiteers fear for the UK if forced to stay in the single market and customs union, conforming to an acquis communautaire (the accumulated body of EU) it has no say in creating.
It was the biggest turnout in a poll for decades with countless thousands, who had not voted for years, seizing the opportunity to send a clear message to the government, establishment, BBC, EU and the world that they wanted control of their country and identity back and were not prepared to become a vassal state in the bureaucratic behemoth the EU had become.
Since we Pinoys are finding that our country is now a vassal state of China's, we may as well enjoy the Lunar New Year and hope the recent blood-red blue moon was not a portent of nasty things to come.
Remaining a Saudi vassal state and siding with those who deliberately seek to starve Yemen's children has degraded Pakistan's moral status.
If it does not reject European laws, Britain will become a vassal state, Johnson said in the interview.
That is not leaving the European Union, that is being a vassal state of the European Union, and I would be very surprised if that were Government policy.
because we would have gone from a member state to a vassal state.
Pakistan hence must rid itself of the vassal state complex to safeguard its economic and security imperatives, or again risk being unwittingly pushed into foreign wars.
With no moral or political right to play judge in other nation's internal affairs, China's interest in the region in fact stems from its two basic aspirations-one to play Big Brother in the region and then expand it to cover the world and two, make Pakistan as a vassal state to achieve the first objective in addition to keeping India under check and the US away from the region and the Indian Ocean.
So, the SNP is happy to break up a successful 300-year-old union to gain independence and then wants to throw it away to become a small off-shore vassal state of a Germandominated EU.