Vercors


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Vercors

(vĕrkôr`), 1902–91, French writer and illustrator, whose original name was Jean Bruller. Vercors served in the French resistance movement and helped to found Les Éditions de Minuit, which began as an underground publishing firm. For them he wrote Le Silence de la mer (1942, tr. The Silence of the Sea, 1944). This story and the later La marche à l'étoile (1943) deal with the moral impossibility of collaboration with the Germans. Among his many later works are Les Yeux et la lumière (1948), Sylva (1961, tr. 1962), Quota (1966, tr. 1966), and Sillages (1972).

Vercors

 

(pseudonym of Jean Bruller). Born Feb. 26, 1902, in Paris. French writer and painter.

Vercors is the son of a publisher; by education he is an engineer. In 1935 he drew sketches on current events that were printed in the Popular Front weekly Vendredi. He had a premonition of the threat of a new war (the album of prints The Encouraging Faces of the War, 1936) but was prevented from actively opposing it by pacifist illusions and a skeptical interpretation of history and the meaning of human existence (the cycle of prints The Dance of the Living, 1932-38). World War II and the capitulation of France in 1940 shattered his metaphysical aloofness. He and P. de Lescure founded the underground Midnight Press in Paris. In the Midnight Press he published, under the name of Vercors (the name of the wooded foothills of the Alps), the novella The Silence of the Sea (written in 1941 and published in 1942; Russian translation, 1959—a literary manifesto of a spiritually unbroken France—as well as the antifascist novella Procession With a Star (1943).

Vercors is a master of the tragic story (“The Verdun Press,” 1947, and “Eyes and Light,” 1948. He is also a witty but sometimes vulnerable moralist (More or Less Man, 1950) and essayist (Wanderings of a Frenchman in China, 1956). The clash of scientific, social, and moral values (the novel Men or Beasts?, 1952; Russian translation, 1957), common characters or extraordinary characters bordering on the anomolous (the cycle of novellas On This Shore, vols. 1-3, 1958-60), and fantasy ideas (the novel Sylva, 1961)—all of this is subordinated in Vercors’ work to the aim of prompting the reader to reflect on whether he should remain aloof from social battles or enter the melee (the novel Anger, 1956) and whether he should follow his conscience or live in the madness of possession and consumption (the satirical novel The Quota, or the Supporters of Abundance, jointly with Coronel, 1966; Russian translation, 1970). At times Vercors expressed the problem of the meaning of human existence abstractly and naturalistically, especially during the crisis periods of his social and political activity (the book of essays P. P. C, 1957). In the periods when his spirits were high, his irony and satire struck down individualism, aggressive ignorance, racist fanaticism, and the decadence of bourgeois ideals. The book of memoirs The Battle of Silence (1967) is devoted to the heroes of the Resistance movement.

WORKS

La Puissance du jour. Paris, 1951.
Les Pas dans le sable. Paris, 1954,
Zoo, ou l’assassin philanthrope. [Paris, 1964.]
Le Radeau de la Méduse. Paris, 1969.

REFERENCES

Evnina, E. M. Sovremennyi frantsuzskii roman: 1940-1960. Moscow, 1962.
Sukhomlin, V. “Metod reproduktsii Verkora.” Tvorchestvo, 1957, no. 3.
Cornu, M. “Vercors: Le Radeau de la Méduse.” La Pensée, August 1969, no. 146.
Konstantinović, R. D. Vercors: Ecrivain et dessinateur. Paris, 1969.

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Vercors, recordando a Macbeth, resalta que cada uno "siente sus crimenes secretos pegarse a sus manos", pero tambien siente que se despegan para recaer sobre el otro.
1980): Micropaleontologie, paleoecologie et sedimentologie d'une plate-forme carbonatee de la marge passive de la Tethys: L'Urgonien du Vercors septentrional et de la Chartreuse (Alpes occidentales).
As early as during the Occupation, we have Le Silence de la mer, by Vercors.
En el contexto de la posguerra francesa el cuento recuerda tambien la ambivalencia de la novela dandestina (muy popular durante la ocupacion y en la posguerra) Le silence de la mer de Vercors (publicada en 1942 como primer volumen de la editorial Minuit en la clandestinidad), donde el oficial aleman Werner von Ebrennac, alojado en Francia en una casa particular, aparece como un representante del ocupante aleman "civilizado".
Vercors De Rovon (Yanis Aouabed astride) showed a lot of spirit while winning the Pure Arabian Maiden Plate in a well-fought race.
Peter Lieb's VERCORS 1944: RESISTANCE IN THE FRENCH ALPS (9781849086981, $21.
Escribio una novela, Le silence de la mer (El silencio del mar), que firmo como Vercors, y la dio a conocer clandestinamente, junto con un agente ingles y algunos amigos en lo que llamo las Editions de Minuit.
8) Melville, who probably read the novel in London in 1943, where he was on a mission connected with the Resistance, embarked on making it into a film shortly after the war, despite opposition from Vercors and the French film industry, since Melville was not a member of the film union.
PARC NATUREL REGIONAL DU VERCORS Described as "the last wild natural treasure of France", the park sprawls across 330,000 acres of dramatic scenery ranging from mountain ridges to forested valleys and deep caves.
For cyclists ready to go farther south, alpine cycling holiday specialist Velo Vercors this summer launched an interesting package with self-guided tours of the Alp d'Huez region from pounds 850.
Cuando recuerdo que Mexico tiene cuatro veces la superficie de Francia puedo creer que este pais es chiquitito, solo que cuando recorro sus regiones, y descubro su historia, paisajes, tradiciones y su vida moderna, ya no me parece tan pequeno, hay en el algo grande, como el Vercors, que fue una importante base de la Resistencia francesa durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, ya que el macizo de los Alpes fue una fortaleza natural para la "Guerrilla del Vercors", como lo atestigua el monumento a la resistencia en Vassieux-en-Vercors.