a clinical discipline that studies diseases of the sex organs of female animals and their treatment and prevention.
In a number of foreign countries, attention is focused mainly on the development of methods of treating the diseases. In the USSR the emphasis is on the organization of broad preventive measures and control of infertility, thus bringing veterinary gynecology closer to veterinary obstetrics. The foundations of Soviet veterinary gynecology were laid by N. F. Myshkin, V. V. Konge, and A. Iu. Tarasevich in the early years of Soviet power. Veterinary gynecology was advanced by A. P. Studentsov, N. A. Flegmatov, G. V. Zvereva, and I. A. Bocharov. Soviet scientists proposed and introduced various methods of diagnosing and treating gynecological diseases of farm animals, worked out techniques of artificial insemination, and made a major contribution to the study of infertility in farm animals.
Research is most intensively pursued in the All-Union Institute of Experimental Veterinary Medicine; the Moscow Veterinary Academy; at veterinary institutes in such cities as Leningrad, Kazan, and Vitebsk; and in veterinary research laboratories. The main problem of veterinary gynecology is to control infertility in farm animals and to find rational methods of therapy.