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(1) A treatment and prophylactic institution designated for outpatient and inpatient treatment of animals and for carrying out medical and veterinary prophylactic measures. The best veterinary hospitals, which are supplied with special equipment, provide animals with therapeutic, surgical, and obstetrical treatment, perform a full range of clinical laboratory tests, give planned and emergency protective inoculations, and carry out veterinary sanitary measures for the control of animal diseases. Veterinary hospitals are classified according to their zones of service in the USSR as raion, district, and municipal. They are supported by funds from the budgets of the corresponding area and are under the supervision of local agricultural and soviet organs.
(2) The principal functional building of a veterinary service on a kolkhoz or sovkhoz that is concerned with livestock, where its establishment is stipulated by Norms for the Technological Design of Veterinary Units. The veterinary hospital includes the veterinarian’s office, animal reception area, pharmacy, examining room, and storeroom for biological supplies.