They believed the "air-land-base" concept (fortified airheads deep in enemy territory), would enable them to disrupt enemy movements, logistics, and lines of communication, forcing the Viet Minh
to attack on battlefields favorable to the French.
On one hand, it seemed possible that fighting could be averted once France and the Viet Minh
signed an agreement on March 6, 1946.
By 1950, however, Chau had become disillusioned with his comrades, as communist dogma resourcefully supplanted nationalism as the principal guiding force behind the Viet Minh
Diem's lobbying in the United States for a high position in a postcolonial Vietnam paid off after the Big Four (France, Britain, Communist China, and the Soviet Union) at Geneva came up with a temporary partition of Vietnam, with Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh
followers remaining north of the 17th parallel
After Japan surrendered to Allied forces the next year, the Viet Minh
continued their fight for independence from France.
But as Hochstetter explained to Greene, French efforts to defeat the Viet Minh
militarily while denying the non-communist Vietnamese real independence were doomed to fail.
He spoke of his birth village, An Xa, his parents' names and their lives, his early years as a child, his education, his prison sentence, his newspaper work, his early politics, his drift into anti-French attitudes, his years of teaching in Ha Noi, his first marriage to the beautiful Quang Thai, his decision to join the communist party, his determination to destroy French control, his work establishing the Viet Minh
resistance forces, his fights with the French military, etc.
Years later, in France, Salagnon cannot reject a man whose racist political views he disapproves of because that man had carried him, risking his own life, when he was wounded by the Viet Minh
soldiers also worked alongside spies from the U.
The Viet Minh
took advantage of political uncertainty in the weeks following Japan's surrender to take control of Hanoi and much of northern Vietnam.
These were: the triumph of Maoists in China, the Viet Minh
against the French in Indochina, Castro's followers in Cuba, and the Afghan mujahideen against the Soviet Union.
It was said that the French, with their humbling defeat by the Viet Minh
in Indochina, had lost their baraka.