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(vē`jəyənŭ`gər) [Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north. At its height during the reign (c.1510–c.1530) of Krishnadeva Raya, the empire had dealings with many Asian and European countries. The city of Vijayanagar, then some 60 mi (95 km) in circumference, flourished as a prosperous trade center and was noted for its artists, writers, and temples. After a crushing defeat of the Hindus at Talikota (1565) Muslim forces utterly demolished the city, and, except for a brief revival, the empire was destroyed.



a feudal state of the 14th to 17th centuries in southern India, south of the Krishna River. It was formed in 1336 as a result of the struggle of southern Indian Hindu feudal nobles against the Sultanate of Delhi. The most powerful ruler of the first (Sangama) dynasty was Devaraya II (reigned 1422-46), who subjugated all of southern India, carried out military campaigns against Ceylon and Burma, and inflicted several defeats on the Bahmani Sultanate. The greatest flowering of Vijayanagar was during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya (reigned 1509-29) of the third (Tuluva) dynasty.

Vijayanagar waged war continuously with the Bahmani state and later with the sultanates that had formed on the territory of the latter. These sultanates inflicted a powerful defeat on Vijayanagar in 1565, after which it began to decline. Toward the middle of the 17th century it disintegrated into a number of principalities. The Vijayanagar period marked the flowering of literature and art of the peoples of southern India.


Alaev, L. B. Iuzhnaia Indiia: Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskaia istoriia XIV-XVIH vekov. Moscow, 1964.
Sewell, R. A Forgotten Empire (Vijayanagar). London, 1924.
Mahalingam, T. V. Economic Life in the Vijayanagar Empire. [Madras] 1951.


References in periodicals archive ?
The popular belief is that Jigarthanda became famous when the city was ruled under Sultan/Nayaks of Vijayanagara Empire.
The president's reference to Tipu Sultan came after he noted the contributions of various historical figures of Karnataka, including Krishnadevaraya who was the emperor of the Vijayanagara empire from 1509 to 1529.
After taking in the nearby Unesco World Heritage site of sandstone temples at Pattadakal, it was to Hampi, the famed capital of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire, that we headed.
Hampi was the capital of Vijayanagara Empire from 1343 to 1565.
The place was a significant religious centre of the Vijayanagara empire due to the presence of the historic Virupaksha temple along with many other monuments.
A great destination for adventure sports and family fun What: Magnificent ruins of the 15th century Vijayanagara Empire with awe-inspiring structures.
1550-1730) in early modern South India that followed the gradual disintegration of the Vijayanagara Empire.
Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara empire from its rise in the mid-14th century to its tragic destruction in 1565.
The film is structured into four, long, distinctive vignettes, each one corresponding to Mettler's major pit stops: starting in his hometown Toronto, going through Monument Valley and Las Vegas in southwestern USA, stopping by Zurich and the Helvetian Glacier in Switzerland, and finally ending up in the Vijayanagara Empire and in Bombay in southern India.
Believed to be in existence from around the 9th century, it was during Vijayanagara Empire (14th and 15th centuries) that it received contributions and became famous.
The ruins are a favourite with local and international tourists as well as pilgrims and historians keen to know more about Hampi, once the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara empire, which between the 14th and 16th centuries was south India s wealthiest and most powerful Hindu kingdom.
It is said that with this offering Janardhan Reddy has become the biggest single donor to the temple after rulers of Vijayanagara Empire in the XVI century.