Vilhjalmur Stefansson


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Stefansson, Vilhjalmur

 

Born Nov. 3, 1879, in Gimli, Manitoba; died Aug. 26,1962, in Hanover, N.H. Canadian arctic explorer and ethnographer. Of Icelandic extraction.

From 1906 to 1912, Stefansson carried on biological and ethnographical research along the northwestern coast of North America, from Point Barrow to Coronation Gulf. From 1913 to 1918, while leading a Canadian arctic expedition, he investigated Banks Island and Prince Patrick Island. In 1915 he discovered Borden Island, actually a group of three islands situated northeast of Prince Patrick Island, and in 1916 he discovered Meighen Island (80° N lat.) and Lougheed Island (77° N tat.). An island off the northeastern coast of Victoria Island has been named for Stefansson.

WORKS

My Life With the Eskimo. New York, 1913.
Greenland. New York, 1943.
Arctic Manual. Washington, D. C, 1944.
Discovery: The Autobiography of Vilhjalmur Stefansson. New York, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Gostepriimnaia Arktika. Leningrad, 1935;2nded., Leningrad, 1948.

REFERENCES

Ol’khina, E. A. Vil’ialmur Stefanson. Moscow, 1970.
“Vilhjalmur Stefansson.” Polar Record, 1963, vol. 11, no. 73.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vilhjalmur Stefansson was both physician and anthropologist and also worked in Alaska.
His luck ran out in 1913 when he joined the Karluk expedition to the Arctic led by Vilhjalmur Stefansson.
It was promoted by William Osler in the United States in 1892 as the treatment for obesity [3] and by Vilhjalmur Stefansson who had lived on an exclusive fat/protein diet for more than a decade while living with the Inuit.
Oslund applies this convention to the Canadian-born explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, whom she calls simply Vilhjalmur even though Stefansson's immigrant father converted his own patronym ("son of Stefan") into the family surname.
Prominent supporters of Birobidzhan included Albert Einstein, explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, the artists Marc Chagall and Molly Picon, many liberal Rabbis, US Vice-President Henry Wallace, and a number of US Senators.
One particular initiative began in 1913 when the Canadian Arctic Expedition was mounted under the lead of Vilhjalmur Stefansson and R.
A low-carbohydrate diet based exclusively on fatty meat was publicized after World War I by the Harvard anthropologist and Arctic explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson, who had spent more than a decade eating nothing but meat (without carbohydrates, fruits, or vegetables) among the Inuit of northern Canada and Alaska.
Travelling Passions: The Hidden Life of Vilhjalmur Stefansson Gisli Palsson Translated by Keneva Kunz University of Manitoba Press 374 pages, hardcover ISBN 9780887551796
In the years from 1919 to 1925, the writings of Vilhjalmur Stefansson, questioned the value of British Arctic heroes as role models for, Canadians in the north.
He signed up with the foremost Canadian explorer of the time Vilhjalmur Stefansson.
This motley crew - led by noted explorer Vilhjalmur Stefansson - and the fact the ship was just an old fishing vessel, meant the trip seemed doomed from the start.
Vilhjalmur Stefansson, following the Chautauqua circle in 1920, depicted the Arctic as a friendly and hospitable place to those who learned how to live there.