Viljandi


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Viljandi

(vĭl`yändē), Ger. Fellin, town (1994 pop. 22,669), S Estonia. Founded in 1283, Viljandi was an important medieval trade center and a member of the Hanseatic League. Walls of the castle of the grand master of the Livonian Knights remain standing.

Viljandi

 

a city, the center of Viljandi Raion, Estonian SSR. Situated on the shore of Lake Viljandi. Railroad station 163 km south of Tallinn. Population, 21,000 (1970).

The city has a dairy and timber combines and a shop of the Tallinn Excavating Plant. There is production of linen, matches, furniture, leather haberdashery, and canned foods (fruits and vegetables). The city also has a cultural-education school, a drama theater, and a museum of local lore. Viljandi is first mentioned in the chronicles for 1211 and was consolidated as a city in 1783. The ruins of a medieval castle have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Joost R., H. Moora, and U. Roozimaa. Vil’iandi: Priroda, istoriia i dostoprimechatel’nosti. Viljandi, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sweden) here focuses her attention on how those policies affected local populations in Viljandi Country in south-central Estonia.
Average annual daily and peak hour traffic at the cordon of city borders Street name Annual daily traffic, passenger cars per day 1996 2002 2009 Ranna tee 9600 15 000 17 920 Randvere tee 1900 2850 3450 Kloostrimetsa tee 5000 3420 3450 Narva mnt * 12 500 17 720 Peterburi tee 18 800 23 300 22 050 Suur-Sojamae tee 2000 3270 6890 Tartu mnt 12 000 13 050 24 420 Viljandi mnt 6600 9890 14 770 Manniku tee 4000 8450 11 660 Parnu mnt.
Indeed, with a number of curators, from the likes of the Viljandi Folk Festival, jazz festival Jazzkaar and the Estonian Composer's Union Tallinn Music Week can't help but be as varied as possible.
Even though admission was free, only 375 people came to watch Flora clinch the domestic league title against Viljandi last week.
Renowned Estonian artist Paul Kondas spent almost his entire career painting strawberries in the famous Viljandi area of the country.
Moreover, the Cimmerian author Ukko Ahti's novel Learning from the Steep Slope turns out to be the novel Without Fear of Wind or Vertigo by the Cimbrian author with pseudonym Vorts Viljandi.
Other cities--university town of Tartu (102,414); the primarily Russian-speaking industrial towns of Narva (66,435) and Kohtla-Jarve (45,093) in the north-east of Estonia; Parnu on the western coast (44,016); and Viljandi in the rural south (20,117).
In the autumn, a two-day seminar of traditional music was held in Viljandi at the Estonian Traditional Music Centre.
The first language day was held in Viljandi in October 1961.
In addition, Stora Enso plans to restructure its joinery component business in Estonia by permanently closing down the Viljandi component mill and transferring the business to Imavere sawmill.