Villanovan culture

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Villanovan culture,

the culture of a people of N Italy in the early Iron Age (c.1100–700 B.C.). The term is derived from the town of Villanova, near Bologna, where the first excavations of a Villanovan cemetery were conducted (1853–55). The Villanovans are believed to have come into Italy from Central Europe, the third of a wave of Central European-Danubian invasions. The Villanovans brought with them a reasonably advanced Iron Age culture, closely related to the Hallstatt culture of the E Alps. They lived over a large part of central Italy, including Etruria, Latium, and the region around Bologna. The Villanovans cremated their dead and buried the ashes in urns. The Villanovans were followed by the Etruscans (see Etruscan civilizationEtruscan civilization,
highest civilization in Italy before the rise of Rome. The core of the territory of the Etruscans, known as Etruria to the Latins, was northwest of the Tiber River, now in modern Tuscany and part of Umbria.
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).

Bibliography

See D. Randall-MacIver, Villanovans and Early Etruscans (1924); H. J. Rose, Primitive Culture in Italy (1926, repr. 1971); L. Barfield, Northern Italy before Rome (1971).

Villanovan Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the early Iron Age in northern Italy (900-500 B.C.).

The Villanovan culture was named for the settlement of Villanova, near Bologna, where in 1853-55 burials characteristic of the Villanovan culture were discovered; these were well-like tombs with crematoria. The urns for the ashes have the appearance of two truncated cones with geometric ornamentation. Four periods are distinguished in Villanovan culture, through which may be traced the gradual perfection in the technique of making bronze articles and the increased use of iron. The social structure of the tribes belonging to the Villanovan culture was characterized by a decay in tribal relations, considerable property differentiation, and the presence of patriarchal slavery. The question of the bearers of the Villanovan culture has not yet been finally resolved. It is supposed that they were Umbrians.

REFERENCES

Modestov, V. I. Vvedenie v rimskuiu istoriiu, part 1. St. Petersburg, 1902.
Randall-Maclver, D. Villanovans and Early Etruscans. Oxford, 1924.
Åberg, N. Bronzezeitliche und friiheisenzeitliche Chronologic, vols. 1-5. Stockholm, 193O-35.
References in periodicals archive ?
2 Measuring the axes of Villanovan burial sites that clearly antedate Etruscan cemeteries in order to explore possible changes in the earliest forms of the Etruscan Discipline.
Many of the subjects are human or animal; they include many subjects and types -- a Villanovan miniature bronze horse, a blue faience hippopotamus from Egypt -- one has seen before, but rarely in such compelling examples.
In Etruria from the 2nd Villanovan period (approximately 775 BC) onwards, the population is concentrated, there are fewer but larger townships.
Society and technology in the Villanovan Iron industry, in M.
Current Villanovans will be celebrated with over 100 student representatives in attendance.
Annually, Villanovans provide more than 220,000 hours of service and host the largest student-run Special Olympics Fall Festival in the Nation.
It's truly an honor to be recognized by my alma mater, and to have the opportunity to engage younger generations of bright Villanovans who are discovering a lot about their professional potential and aspirations," said Allen.
Annually, Villanovans provide more than 64,000 hours of service and host the largest student-run Special Olympics Fall Festival in the Nation.