Villehardouin


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Villehardouin

(vēlärdwăN`), French noble family that ruled the PeloponnesusPeloponnesus
or Pelopónnisos
, formerly Morea
, peninsula (1991 pop. 1,086,935), c.8,300 sq mi (21,500 sq km), S Greece. It is linked with central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth, and it is washed by the Aegean Sea on the east and southeast, by the
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 from 1210 to 1278. Geoffroi I de Villehardouin, d. 1218, nephew of the historian and marshal of Champagne and Romania, set out on the conquest of Morea (as the Peloponnesus was then called) in 1205, with his friend Guillaume de Champlitte. With some 100 knights the two men rapidly subdued the Greeks, who were beset by internal quarrels, and, in 1205, Champlitte proclaimed himself prince of all Achaia. On the return of Champlitte to France, Villehardouin succeeded him (1210) as prince. Achaia, organized on the feudal model of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, comprised virtually the whole Peloponnesus save several ports held by the Venetians, and it was a fief held under the Latin Empire. Its capital was Mistra, near Sparta. The principality prospered under the strong rule of Geoffroi I and of his son Geoffroi II de Villehardouin, d. 1246, who like his father was an excellent administrator. Geoffroi II's brother and successor, Guillaume de Villehardouin, d. 1278, was a warlike prince. Captured (1259) at the battle of Pelagonia by Emperor Michael VIII of Nicaea, who in 1261 was to recover Constantinople and to restore the Byzantine Empire, he refused to accept freedom in exchange for the cession of Achaia. In 1262 the so-called Ladies' Parliament, held by the wives and widows of the captive or slain nobles of Morea, met some of Michael's demands and ceded the Greeks a foothold in SE Morea, including Mistra but not Sparta, which became the new Latin capital. Released, Guillaume gained the alliance of King Charles I of Naples and Sicily, to whom he gave the hand of his elder daughter, Isabelle, and who received (1267) the nominal suzerainty over Achaia from the exiled Latin emperor, Baldwin II. Guillaume's death in 1278 ended the male line of Villehardouin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Villehardouin, a leader and negotiator in the Fourth Crusade, presented in La Conquete de Constantinople a different viewpoint and experience for an audience interested in diplomacy as well as military activity.
Gold and silver, table-services and precious stones, satin and silk," writes Villehardouin, "mantles of squirrel fur, ermine and miniver, and every choice thing to be found on this earth .
4) O critico refere-se a autores como Villehardouin, Joinville, Agrippa d'Aubigne, Madame de Sevigne e Saint-Simon.
Un cronista ruso, presumiblemente testigo de los hechos, asi como la Devastatio Constantinopolitana o los relatos de Nicetas Choniates y Villehardouin, nos hablan del oprobioso e inaudito saqueo de la capital imperial y del cuantioso botin obtenido.
It was to this diminutive Mediterranean superpower that a delegation of six knights, led by Geoffrey of Villehardouin and representing Tibald and the other crusaders, arrived during Lent in the year 1201.
20), la seconde partie, "poetiques de l'histoire", affirme plus qu'elle ne demontre l'equivalence des visions historiques de Villehardouin et de l'auteur de La Mort Artu (mais la perspective ainsi ouverte est riche), et la troisieme partie, "historicite des formes", se trouve quelque peu desequilibree par l'integration dans sa trame d'articles publies anterieurement.
It is also worth noting that some of the earliest writers in prose, such as Villehardouin and Clari, were almost certainly quite incapable of writing in verse.
There is no mention of the earlier chroniclers such as Villehardouin, Joinville, or Froissart, although the first of the French memorialists, Commynes, is referred to briefly once.
Villehardouin, Geoffrey de, La conquete de Constantinople.
9) One of the following texts was set each year: the Chanson de Roland; Villehardouin, Joinville (extracts, Hachette); Aucassin et Nicolette.