Villehardouin


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Villehardouin

(vēlärdwăN`), French noble family that ruled the PeloponnesusPeloponnesus
or Pelopónnisos
, formerly Morea
, peninsula (1991 pop. 1,086,935), c.8,300 sq mi (21,500 sq km), S Greece. It is linked with central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth, and it is washed by the Aegean Sea on the east and southeast, by the
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 from 1210 to 1278. Geoffroi I de Villehardouin, d. 1218, nephew of the historian and marshal of Champagne and Romania, set out on the conquest of Morea (as the Peloponnesus was then called) in 1205, with his friend Guillaume de Champlitte. With some 100 knights the two men rapidly subdued the Greeks, who were beset by internal quarrels, and, in 1205, Champlitte proclaimed himself prince of all Achaia. On the return of Champlitte to France, Villehardouin succeeded him (1210) as prince. Achaia, organized on the feudal model of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, comprised virtually the whole Peloponnesus save several ports held by the Venetians, and it was a fief held under the Latin Empire. Its capital was Mistra, near Sparta. The principality prospered under the strong rule of Geoffroi I and of his son Geoffroi II de Villehardouin, d. 1246, who like his father was an excellent administrator. Geoffroi II's brother and successor, Guillaume de Villehardouin, d. 1278, was a warlike prince. Captured (1259) at the battle of Pelagonia by Emperor Michael VIII of Nicaea, who in 1261 was to recover Constantinople and to restore the Byzantine Empire, he refused to accept freedom in exchange for the cession of Achaia. In 1262 the so-called Ladies' Parliament, held by the wives and widows of the captive or slain nobles of Morea, met some of Michael's demands and ceded the Greeks a foothold in SE Morea, including Mistra but not Sparta, which became the new Latin capital. Released, Guillaume gained the alliance of King Charles I of Naples and Sicily, to whom he gave the hand of his elder daughter, Isabelle, and who received (1267) the nominal suzerainty over Achaia from the exiled Latin emperor, Baldwin II. Guillaume's death in 1278 ended the male line of Villehardouin.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was to this diminutive Mediterranean superpower that a delegation of six knights, led by Geoffrey of Villehardouin and representing Tibald and the other crusaders, arrived during Lent in the year 1201.
By early 1202, it was obvious to Villehardouin and the other leaders that the crusade was in serious trouble.
Abandoning their solemn crusader's vows was unthinkable to pious men like Villehardouin and Boniface, but Venice would not release the armada without payment in full.
Dandolo, says Villehardouin, "stood fully armed in the prow of his galley, with the banner of St.
The saint's life is in prose and ranks among the earliest surviving examples of medieval French prose, being contemporaneous with the chronicles of Villehardouin, Clari, and Henri de Valenciennes.
There is no mention of the earlier chroniclers such as Villehardouin, Joinville, or Froissart, although the first of the French memorialists, Commynes, is referred to briefly once.
It is also very narrow: two of the epics and one of the prose romances are all versions of La Prise d'Orange, the saints' lives are all recensions Of Saint Alexis, the chronicles are Clari, Villehardouin, and Joinville, so that reflections on how genres operate in relation to the elements of discourse under analysis need to be hedged round with an infinity of caveats.