Vincas Kudirka


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Kudirka, Vincas

 

Born Dec. 19 (31), 1858, in the village of Paežeriai, now in Vilkaviškis Raion; died Nov. 4 (16), 1899, in Kudirkos-Naumiestis, in present-day Šakiai Raion. Lithuanian writer, journalist, and social figure.

Kudirka graduated from the faculty of medicine of the University of Warsaw. He was a founder of the bourgeois social and literary magazine Varpas (The Bell, 1889–1905). His magazine articles strongly defied tsarist russification policies in Lithuania. His best poetic works (the collection Free Hours, 1899) reflect the aspirations of the oppressed masses to freedom and expound the slogans of national liberation. Kudirka assailed the policies of the government and criticized the Catholic clergy in his satirical stories (”The Chiefs,” 1895, and “The Wolves,” 1898), but their value is diminished by the author’s nationalistic bent. Kudirka translated I. A. Krylov’s fables and F. von Schiller’s dramas into Lithuanian.

WORKS

Poezija. Vilnius, 1951.

REFERENCE

Lietuviu literatüres istorija, vol. 2. Vilnius, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
On May 7, the fiesta will be opened with a concert on nearby Kudirkos Square, in front of the Lithuanian government building at the monument to Vincas Kudirka, author of the Lithuanian anthem.
At that time, medical doctors such as Jonas Basanavicius, Vincas Kudirka, Vincas Pietaris, Jonas Sliupas, and Kazys Grinius nurtured Lithuanian culture and nourished the ideas of a free independent state.
Nineteenth century historian Simonas Daukantas, Vincas Kudirka, the author of the Lithuanian anthem, linguist Jonas Jablonskis who created the Lithuanian standard language, Catholic priest and poet Maironis (real name Jonas Maciulis), philosopher Vydunas (real name Vilhelmas Storosta), Steponas Darius wearing his pilot's cap and known from the 10 litas banknote, who together with Stasys Girenas died in a plane crash in Prussia flying directly from New York to Kaunas--all of them also stand in the crowd of nudes.