Vindhya Range

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Vindhya Range

(vĭn`dyə), chain of hills, c.600 mi (970 km) long, rising to c.3,000 ft (910 m), Madhya Pradesh state, central India. The Vindhya Range has been the historic dividing line between N and S India, separating the Sanskrit-speaking AryanAryan
, [Sanskrit,=noble], term formerly used to designate the Indo-European race or language family or its Indo-Iranian subgroup. Originally a group of nomadic tribes, the Aryans were part of a great migratory movement that spread in successive waves from S Russia and Turkistan
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 invaders from the DravidianDravidians
, name sometimes given to the peoples of S and central India and N Sri Lanka who speak Dravidian languages. They are so called for purely linguistic reasons; the peoples are of varying racial types.
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 peoples of the Deccan. The massive sandstone of the range, long an important building material, was used for the famous group of Buddhist stupas at Sanchi (built 3d cent. B.C.–11th cent. A.D.), the 11th-century Jain and Brahman temples at Khajuraho, and the 15th-century palaces of GwaliorGwalior
, city and former princely state, central India. Part of Madhya Pradesh state since 1956, the territory of Gwalior formerly consisted of one large territory and several exclaves. The state was formed in the mid-18th cent.
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Vindhya Range

, Mountains
a mountain range in central India: separates the Ganges basin from the Deccan, marking the limits of northern and peninsular India. Greatest height: 1113 m (3651 ft.)