Vinnitsa

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Vinnitsa

a city in central Ukraine: passed from Polish to Russian rule in 1793. Pop.: 353 000 (2005 est.)

Vinnitsa

 

a city; administrative center of Vinnitsa Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Located on the luzhnyi Bug River. Railroad junction. Population, 212,000 (1970; 92,900 in 1939).

Vinnitsa was first mentioned in sources under the year 1363 as a Lithuanian fortress. After the Union of Lublin in 1569 it came under Polish rule. In the 15th and 16th centuries the city suffered destructive raids by the Tatars. It has been part of Russia since 1793. Before the October Revolution, Vinnitsa was a trade center of Podolia, with food and handi-craft industry. The Vinnitsa Armed Uprising of soldiers and workers from Oct. 28 (Nov. 10) to Nov. 2 (15), 1917, led to the establishment of Soviet power in the city. In the spring of 1918, Vinnitsa was captured by the German occupation forces. Soviet power was restored in June 1920. Vinnitsa was occupied by the fascist German troops from 1941 to 1944 and was liberated on Mar. 20, 1944.

Vinnitsa has enterprises of the food industry (oil and fat, fruit canning, and meat industry), light industry (shoes, garments, knitwear, haberdashery, and other factories), the chemical industry (a chemical combine), machine building, and metalworking. The large plants of the city produce electrical equipment, ball bearings, machine assemblies, and instruments. There is production of building materials (plant producing bricks and reinforced-concrete items). There is an abundance of gardens and parks, with many new public and residential buildings. Vinnitsa has medical and pedagogical institutes; branches of the Kiev Polytechnical and Trade and Economics institutes; railroad-transportation, construction, and electronic-equipment technicums; a secondary specialized polytechnic; and musical and medical colleges. There is a museum of local lore and the M. M. Kotsiubinskii Literary-Memorial Museum. Other cultural institutions are a music and drama theater, a puppet theater, and a philharmonic society. The N. I. Pirogov Estate Museum is located in the village of Pirogovo, 5 km from Vinnitsa.

References in periodicals archive ?
24026, Ukraine, Vinnytsia Region, Mohyliv-Podilskyi District, P.
As one participant from Vinnytsia explained: "I think, first of all, that we don't have enough good doctors.
En esta fotografia aparece un miembro del Einsatzgruppe D, instantes antes de pegarle un tiro en la cabeza a un hombre arrodillado frente a una fosa llena de cadaveres de la comunidad judia de Vinnytsia, en Ucrania.
Viacheslav Ivanchuk, like many a Red Army man, found his unit encircled in summer 1941 and then under a false identity sneaked into Vinnytsia oblast' where he eventually, according to his own account, joined the partisans.
As a result of increased production at its Vinnytsia poultry farm, poultry production volumes in the six months to the end of June increased by 18% to 190,180 tonnes.
He then set up the Vinnytsia Human Rights group, which helped refugees and fought against abuse and torture in prisons.
25 MW, with both sites located in the Vinnytsia region of Ukraine.
Modeling dependences using fuzzy knowledge base with fuzzy regression equations," Visnyk of Vinnytsia Polytechnical Institute, Vol.
Nastia, the five-month-old bear cub, had been illegally sold by Lutsk zoo to animal traders in Vinnytsia, Ukraine and was being made to perform.
9 November 2011 - Credit Rating confirmed on Tuesday the long-term rating of uaBBB- assigned to Ukraine's city of Vinnytsia and its UAH10m (USD1.
September 22 2010 -- Ukrainian agro-industrial firm MHP has said projected capital expenditure for phase one of its Vinnytsia poultry complex will reach USD750 million.
Those responsible for the crimes (in this particular instance) were the Russian military in Vinnytsia (Ukraine), Ulla (Belarus) and Katyn (Russia) (FitzGibbon 1971; FitzGibbon 1975; Kamenestsky 1989).