Vinter, Aleksandr Vasilevich
Vinter, Aleksandr Vasil’evich
Born Sept. 28 (Oct. 10), 1878, in the settlement of Starosel’tsy, Grodno Province (now Biafystok Wojewodztwo [province], Poland); died Mar. 9, 1958, in Moscow. Soviet power engineer. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1932).
Vinter entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute in 1899. In 1900 he was expelled for participating in student agitations, and in 1901 he was arrested and banished to Baku under police surveillance. In Baku he participated in work to expand electric power stations with the first steam turbines in Russia. He entered the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute in 1907. After graduation (1912), he became assistant head and later head of construction of the first peat regional power plant in Russia (Elektroperedacha, now the R. E. Klasson State Regional Electric Power Plant).
After the October Revolution, Vinter was head of construction of the Shatura State Regional Electric Power Plant. From 1927 to 1930 he was head of Dnieprostroi; from 1930 he was also head of the construction and installation of the plants of the Dnieper Industrial Combine. From 1944 he was assistant director of the Energetics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Vinter studied the power resources of the country, the problem of low energetics, questions of the rationalization of the structure of the energy systems of the USSR, the problem of raising the utilization indexes of the existing basic equipment of power plants, the generalization from the experience of operating high-power electric plants, and issues in the construction of the Kuibyshev and Volgograd hydroelectric power plants. He was awarded three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and medals.