Vinyl Chloride

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Related to Vinyl Chloride: polyvinyl chloride

vinyl chloride

[′vīn·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
CH2:CHCl A flammable, explosive gas with an ethereal aroma; soluble in alcohol and ether, slightly soluble in water; boils at -14°C; an important monomer for polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers; used in organic synthesis and in adhesives. Also known as chloroethene; chloroethylene.

Vinyl Chloride


(CH2=CHC1), a colorless gas with a slight odor resembling that of chloroform; Tb = - 13.8° C; Tm = -153.8° C. Density at -15° C, 0.9730 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. The explosive limit of vinyl chloride in air is 4-22 percent by volume. The double bond in vinyl chloride readily adds halogens, hydrogen halides, and so on:

Vinyl chloride polymerizes and copolymerizes with vinylidene chloride, vinyl acetate, and other substances. In industry it is obtained by vapor-phase (rarely liquid-phase) hydrochlorination of acetylene in the presence of HgCl2 on carbon or by dehydrochlorination of dichloroethane:

The resultant product contains not less than 99 percent vinyl chloride and does not polymerize spontaneously. Vinyl chloride is used extensively to make polyvinyl chloride and copolymers with other vinyl compounds; these are important materials that are used in the most diverse branches of industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
Company snapshots, including company overview, business description and information on current and upcoming Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) plants
Obtain up-to-date information on Brazil's Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry
Second, personal breathing zone measurements of responders' exposures to vinyl chloride were not collected, so it is impossible to correlate vinyl chloride exposure levels with symptoms.
Switching from vinyl chloride products to those made of safer materials is getting easier to do, said McNeil, the Sacred Heart nurse.
Recently published updates of cancer incidence in European and American industry-wide cohorts of workers exposed to vinyl chloride provide a firm basis for the conclusion that vinyl chloride exposure is not causally associated with brain cancer and the other tumors mentioned by Sass et al.
The ministry will mainly study whether diisononyl phthalate and diethylhexyl phthalate, varieties of phthalate ester detected in many vinyl chloride products, can be used as materials for children's toys depending on their age.
Vinyl chloride produced 16 nanograms of dioxin per cubic meter, the highest amount of the three plastics.
Fueled by this sweet stuff, the bacteria readily strip chlorine atoms from the carcinogens, producing vinyl chloride and methane.
Vinyl chloride and a related resin, polyvinyl chloride, both found in plastics, can cause liver cancer.
PITTSBURGH -- PPG Industries (NYSE:PPG) today announced that it has declared force majeure for vinyl chloride monomer manufactured at the company's Lake Charles, La.
Tenders are invited for Is 12254 Poly Vinyl Chloride Pvc Industrial Boots Poly Vinyl Chloride Pvc Industrial Gum Boots As Per Is 12254:1993.
USPRwire, Wed Apr 13 2016] GlobalData's new report, "Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in Argentina to 2019 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants", provides in-depth coverage of Argentina's Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry and presents major market trends.