Vinyl Chloride

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Related to Vinyl Chloride: polyvinyl chloride

vinyl chloride

[′vīn·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
CH2:CHCl A flammable, explosive gas with an ethereal aroma; soluble in alcohol and ether, slightly soluble in water; boils at -14°C; an important monomer for polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers; used in organic synthesis and in adhesives. Also known as chloroethene; chloroethylene.

Vinyl Chloride


(CH2=CHC1), a colorless gas with a slight odor resembling that of chloroform; Tb = - 13.8° C; Tm = -153.8° C. Density at -15° C, 0.9730 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. The explosive limit of vinyl chloride in air is 4-22 percent by volume. The double bond in vinyl chloride readily adds halogens, hydrogen halides, and so on:

Vinyl chloride polymerizes and copolymerizes with vinylidene chloride, vinyl acetate, and other substances. In industry it is obtained by vapor-phase (rarely liquid-phase) hydrochlorination of acetylene in the presence of HgCl2 on carbon or by dehydrochlorination of dichloroethane:

The resultant product contains not less than 99 percent vinyl chloride and does not polymerize spontaneously. Vinyl chloride is used extensively to make polyvinyl chloride and copolymers with other vinyl compounds; these are important materials that are used in the most diverse branches of industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Development and Validation of a Physiologically-Based Pharmacokinetic Model for Vinyl Chloride and Its Application in a Carcinogenic Risk Assessment for Vinyl Chloride.
Detailed review and forecast on global, regional and country markets of vinyl chloride can be found in the new market research report "Vinyl Chloride (VCM): 2011 World Market Outlook And Forecast" that covers present situation, historical background and future forecast and addresses comprehensive data showing vinyl chloride capacities, production, consumption, trade statistics, and prices in the recent years are provided (globally, regionally and by country).
GBI Research's report, "Ethylene Dichloride (EDC) Global Market Dynamics to 2020 - Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Market Continues to Drive the Global Demand" provides an in-depth analysis of the global Ethylene Dichloride industry.
We need to open up dialogue within the city and explain the health impacts of vinyl chloride exposure.
We analyzed the course of disease in workers involved in the manufacture and processing of polyvinyl chloride who had been exposed to high doses of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and who were treated at the Clinical Hospital in Split, Croatia, from 1987 to 1996.
Yamamoto said the water sample with the vinyl chloride doll had the highest concentration level of 38.
It is accomplished by a list of major Vinyl Chloride suppliers and profiles of leading producers
GBI Research's report, "Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Global Market Dynamics to 2020 - Growing Market for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) in Developing Countries Driving Demand" provides an in-depth analysis of the global VCM market.
Key words: angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL), landfill leachate, liver cancer, occupational exposure, risk assessment, vinyl chloride.
will gradually stop using vinyl chloride, which is reportedly linked to hazardous dioxins and hormone-disrupting substances, in its products, Greenpeace Japan said Friday.
The research features all the important sides of the Vinyl Chloride market, provides full and thorough analysis of it, focusing on the world market and on regional ones.
Chlorovinyls operating income is expected to account for the majority of the improvement in first quarter earnings, primarily due to higher margins and volumes for vinyl resins and vinyl chloride monomer.