Vinyl Chloride

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Related to Vinyl Chloride Monomer: polyvinyl chloride, Chloroethene, Chloroethylene

vinyl chloride

[′vīn·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
CH2:CHCl A flammable, explosive gas with an ethereal aroma; soluble in alcohol and ether, slightly soluble in water; boils at -14°C; an important monomer for polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers; used in organic synthesis and in adhesives. Also known as chloroethene; chloroethylene.

Vinyl Chloride

 

(CH2=CHC1), a colorless gas with a slight odor resembling that of chloroform; Tb = - 13.8° C; Tm = -153.8° C. Density at -15° C, 0.9730 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. The explosive limit of vinyl chloride in air is 4-22 percent by volume. The double bond in vinyl chloride readily adds halogens, hydrogen halides, and so on:

Vinyl chloride polymerizes and copolymerizes with vinylidene chloride, vinyl acetate, and other substances. In industry it is obtained by vapor-phase (rarely liquid-phase) hydrochlorination of acetylene in the presence of HgCl2 on carbon or by dehydrochlorination of dichloroethane:

The resultant product contains not less than 99 percent vinyl chloride and does not polymerize spontaneously. Vinyl chloride is used extensively to make polyvinyl chloride and copolymers with other vinyl compounds; these are important materials that are used in the most diverse branches of industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
Two cases of angiosarcoma of the liver after exposition to vinyl chloride monomer.
Chemical Industry: North America Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants
The report, Asia Pacific Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of Asia Pacific Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry.
The North America Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of North America Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry.
While workplace exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) was a concern in the 1970's, changes in the vinyl manufacturing industry have virtually eliminated risk of exposure.
Our report, Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in Saudi Arabia to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of Saudi Arabia VCM industry.
Georgia Gulf's chlorovinyls products include chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer and vinyl resins and compounds.
Our report, Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in Russia to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of Russia VCM industry.
The Dow Chemical Company announced that it plans to reduce production at its vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) facility and cease production of ethylene dichloride (EDC) at the Unit 1 facility in Oyster Creek, Texas, by the end of 2005.
Our report, Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in Mexico to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of Mexico VCM industry.
Our report, Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in France to 2015 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants provides an in-depth coverage of France VCM industry.
Georgia Gulf's chlorovinyl products include chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer and vinyl resins and compounds.