Vinyl Chloride

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Related to Vinyl Chloride Monomer: polyvinyl chloride, Chloroethene, Chloroethylene

vinyl chloride

[′vīn·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
CH2:CHCl A flammable, explosive gas with an ethereal aroma; soluble in alcohol and ether, slightly soluble in water; boils at -14°C; an important monomer for polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers; used in organic synthesis and in adhesives. Also known as chloroethene; chloroethylene.

Vinyl Chloride

 

(CH2=CHC1), a colorless gas with a slight odor resembling that of chloroform; Tb = - 13.8° C; Tm = -153.8° C. Density at -15° C, 0.9730 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. The explosive limit of vinyl chloride in air is 4-22 percent by volume. The double bond in vinyl chloride readily adds halogens, hydrogen halides, and so on:

Vinyl chloride polymerizes and copolymerizes with vinylidene chloride, vinyl acetate, and other substances. In industry it is obtained by vapor-phase (rarely liquid-phase) hydrochlorination of acetylene in the presence of HgCl2 on carbon or by dehydrochlorination of dichloroethane:

The resultant product contains not less than 99 percent vinyl chloride and does not polymerize spontaneously. Vinyl chloride is used extensively to make polyvinyl chloride and copolymers with other vinyl compounds; these are important materials that are used in the most diverse branches of industry.

References in periodicals archive ?
Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry market dynamics in Saudi Arabia from 2005 to 2019, consisting of market size, demand and production outlook, demand by end-use sector, and average prices
Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry market dynamics in Brazil from 2005 to 2019, consisting of market size, demand and production outlook, demand by end-use sector, and average prices
The bigger issue for the companies stems from the role of vinyl chloride monomer as a propellant in aerosols in the 1950s and '60s.
Olin's second quarter 2017 adjusted EBITDA will be reduced by approximately $45 million due to the combined impact from an extended vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plant turnaround and an unplanned Bisphenol A plant outage.
USPRwire, Wed Apr 13 2016] GlobalData's new report, "Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in Argentina to 2019 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants", provides in-depth coverage of Argentina's Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry and presents major market trends.
GlobalData's new report, "Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Industry Outlook in France to 2019 - Market Size, Company Share, Price Trends, Capacity Forecasts of All Active and Planned Plants", provides in-depth coverage of France's Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) industry and presents major market trends.
Under a contract signed in 1971, Toyo Engineering of Japan built the 120,000 t/y ethylene plant, and in 1979 brought on stream a 40,000 t/y vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plant as well as a 35,000 t/y PVC unit.
It will be North Americaa[euro](tm)s third largest chlor-alkali maker and second-largest vinyl chloride monomer producer.
After the fire accident in Yunlin County, the company has seen sharp reduction in production of sodium hydroxide, vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), and polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
Today it sells vinyl chloride monomer which is a raw material of vinyl chloride, olefin products such as ethylene and propylene, and molten sulfur for a long time period.
In June, Solvay announced that Solvay Indupa has started up a new membrane chlor-alkali unit (MCA), associated with the expansion of the downstream vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) manufacturing facility, at its Santo Andre plant in Brazil.
Task force analysts think the condition was actually angiosarcoma of the liver resulting from high vinyl chloride monomer exposure.