viola

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viola:

see violinviolin,
family of stringed musical instruments having wooden bodies whose backs and fronts are slightly convex, the fronts pierced by two f-hole-shaped resonance holes. The instruments of the violin family have been the dominant bowed instruments because of their versatility,
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Viola

 

(violet) a genus of plants of the family Violaceae. The plants are perennial or, less commonly, annual herbs; there are a few subshrubs. The mostly stipulate leaves are alternate or in a radical rosette. The violet, yellow, white, or multicolored flowers are solitary. The corolla is irregular; the lower petal has a spur that includes the nectaries of the two lower stamens. The plants are characterized by the formation of cleistogamous flowers. The fruit is a capsule that dehisces into three valves.

There are about 500 violet species, distributed throughout the world. Most species occur in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere and in the Andes. The USSR has about 100 species. The sweet violet (V. odorata), found mainly in broad-leaved forests of the European USSR, the Crimea, and the Caucasus, has been cultivated since ancient times as an ornamental and, sometimes, as an essential-oil plant. V. tricolor, a weed found in the European USSR and in southern Western Siberia, served as one of the parent species (together with V. altaica and several other species of Viola) of the garden pansy (V. × wittrockiana), numerous varieties of which are common in floriculture.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

Viola

masquerades as Cesario. [Br. Lit.: Twelfth Night]

viola

1. a bowed stringed instrument, the alto of the violin family; held beneath the chin when played. It is pitched and tuned an octave above the cello
2. any of various instruments of the viol family, such as the viola da gamba

viola

any temperate perennial herbaceous plant of the violaceous genus Viola, the flowers of which have showy irregular petals, white, yellow, blue, or mauve in colour

Viola

An experimental hypercard-like interpreted hypertext system by Pei Y. Wei of Berkeley.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'Tuscan' contralto viola of 1690 (not to be confused with the tenore viola of the same name - Stradivari made a quintet with two violas, one big, called tenore, and one of what we now consider standard size, or contralto).
Interest in violas was not limited to Moravian settlements.
One of the most dramatic of violas is Raven, another variety raised on the nursery.
The Chamber Society, now enriched by a second viola, gave a sensitive reading of this Brahms work, emphasizing the serene quality of Brahms' late work rather than the more passionate quality of his middle period.
The trade in growing and selling bunches of Viola odorata flowers was huge with special trains being put on to take the flowers from Devon s and Cornwall to Covent Garden Market in London.
Yes, and the results are pretty neat, since a lot of our violas are already hybrids made by crossing two different colors.
En la otra viola da gamba estuvo Israel Castillo, alumno de Kuijken, quien toco con total soltura su viola de siete cuerdas e hizo gala de virtuosismo
Violas have been bred from the viola cornuta and viola lutea types over the years, are smaller and more compact.
Paulie's masculine costume in this scene recalls Violas male disguise as Cesario, indicating that she identifies directly with Viola's conflicted male/female identity.
Easy and smooth to operate, the pegs won't stick or slip, making it easier to tune a violin or viola.
Violas like well-drainedbut moisture-retentive soil in sun or part shade.
Pansies and violas should be planted in well-amended, quickly draining soil.