Viols


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Viols

 

a family of bowed musical instruments. Viols had flat backs, sloping shoulders, wide fretted necks, and five to seven strings tuned in fourths with a third in the middle. They were held in a vertical position while being played.

Viols were used in Western Europe beginning in the 16th century. There were soprano, alto, and tenor viols (there was a small base viol, also called a viola da gamba, or simply gamba) and large bass and contrabass viols. The instrument had a soft and muted sound. Viols were used for solo, ensemble, and orchestral work, mostly in aristocratic circles. In the 17th century, viols began to be replaced by instruments of the violin family, which were more suited to the demands of the new musical art. At this time a variation of the viol appeared which had resonating strings—the viola bastarda, viola d’amore (or viole d’amour), and viola di bordone, or baritone.

References in periodicals archive ?
This is just as well given that John Bryan, Director of The Rose Consort of Viols, is a Huddersfield University Professor and leading researcher into 16th century music.
Il n'y a presque pas un seul jour qui passe sans que la television et les journaux locaux ne rapportent des cas de meurtre, de viol, d'enlevement, de vol ou d'agression.
The shape of the viol is retained in the modern double-bass.
The forgotten sound of an early musical instrument will fill the air at St James the Great Church in Snitterfield, with young people from the County Viol Consort heading the bill.
The Rose Consort of Viols performs extensively throughout England and the Continent and, has also appeared on the BBC, and has recorded a number of releases on the Amon Ra and Naxos labels.
Des viols perpetres par les responsables et les gardions de Ia police, et par dautres rosponsables de l'etat constituent Ia torture.
DWI Occupant Restraint Traffic Violations Driving Child While Safety Total Total Impaired Seat Belt Seat Traffic Checkpoints Viols Viols Viols Speeding Viols 550 861 6,651 462 7,648 23,389
Love describes examples, such as Donne's allowing a few friends to see his manuscript Biathanatos, the familiar verse miscellanies, and the less familiar controlled transmission of manuscripts for consorts of viols.
le mois dernier a ete fortement marque par de nombreux delits, crimes, viols et agressions.
Selon le parlementaire Abdellatif Ouammou, membre du groupe de l'Alliance socialiste, la proposition d'amendement des articles 475 du code penal a pour but de renforcer la protection des enfants et des femmes et de parer aux consequences nefastes des crimes d'enlevement ou de detournement suivis de viols, puis de mariage de la fille violee a son violeur.
Prof John Bryan is a member of the renowned Rose Consort of Viols and they will play the opening concert in the new Huddersfield Music Society season which begins on Monday evening (October 7).
Ce deni envers la femme sahraouie dans les camps est double de nombreux cas de violations commises a son encontre, notamment les viols et autres violences sexuelles, a deplore Mme Stame-Cervone.