Viols


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Viols

 

a family of bowed musical instruments. Viols had flat backs, sloping shoulders, wide fretted necks, and five to seven strings tuned in fourths with a third in the middle. They were held in a vertical position while being played.

Viols were used in Western Europe beginning in the 16th century. There were soprano, alto, and tenor viols (there was a small base viol, also called a viola da gamba, or simply gamba) and large bass and contrabass viols. The instrument had a soft and muted sound. Viols were used for solo, ensemble, and orchestral work, mostly in aristocratic circles. In the 17th century, viols began to be replaced by instruments of the violin family, which were more suited to the demands of the new musical art. At this time a variation of the viol appeared which had resonating strings—the viola bastarda, viola d’amore (or viole d’amour), and viola di bordone, or baritone.

References in periodicals archive ?
De retour au Myanmar, les Rohingyas seraient confrontes de maniere quasi certaine et immediate aux menaces d'assassinats, de viols et d'autres formes de violences.
The members of Cascadia Viols include Anthony Allen, Lee Inman, Tim Scott, Dirk Freymuth and Ann Shaffer.
This is just as well given that John Bryan, Director of The Rose Consort of Viols, is a Huddersfield University Professor and leading researcher into 16th century music.
Il n'y a presque pas un seul jour qui passe sans que la television et les journaux locaux ne rapportent des cas de meurtre, de viol, d'enlevement, de vol ou d'agression.
Entre le 15 juillet et le 20 aout, des equipes de surveillance de la Minuss ont fait etat de violations presumees (des droits de l'Homme), notamment d'un meurtre, de 27 accusations de torture ou mauvais traitement, comme des passages a tabac et des simulations de noyade, de 12 viols, de six tentatives de viols et de huit enlevements," poursuit-elle.
Les dimensions economiques du conflit sont egalement absentes dans la grande majorite des corpus d'entretien, les brutalites associees a ces viols ainsi que leurs consequences medicales ne sont jamais soulignees; paradoxe pour une organisation humanitaire medicale.
The shape of the viol is retained in the modern double-bass.
Gateshead's very own Viol Consort with the Collichon Trio perform music from yesterday - music from the 16th to 18th Centuries, on older instruments.
A Viola da gamba Miscellanea: Articles From and Inspired by Viol Symposiums Organized by the Ensemble Baroque de Limoges, France / Christophe Coin, director.
Viols were hugely popular in the 16th century, but went out of fashion when music developed away from the country houses and switched to concert halls.
The Rose Consort of Viols performs extensively throughout England and the Continent and, has also appeared on the BBC, and has recorded a number of releases on the Amon Ra and Naxos labels.