Virgil Grissom

Grissom, Virgil

 

Born Apr. 3, 1926, in Mitchell, Ind.; died Jan. 27, 1967, at the testing area of Cape Kennedy. US astronaut. Air force colonel.

Grissom became a military pilot in 1944. In 1950 he graduated from Purdue University in Lafayette, Ind.; in 1955 he graduated from the Air Force Institute of Technology; and in 1956 he graduated from test pilot school at Edwards Air Force Base. In 1959 he became an astronaut of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. On July 21, 1961, as part of Project Mercury, he completed a 16-minute suborbital flight. On Mar. 23, 1965, he completed a space flight in Gemini 3 with J. Young. The flight lasted about five hours (three orbits around the earth). On this flight the astronauts made the first transfer of a spaceship from one orbit to another. E. White, R. Chaffee, and Grissom died from a fire that broke out in the cabin of an Apollo spaceship during ground tests.

References in periodicals archive ?
What is the link between the astronauts Alan Shephard, Virgil Grissom, John Glenn, Scott Carpenter and Gordon Cooper?
The name Virgil Griffin brings to mind another Virgil who made a name for himself some 40 years later - Virgil Grissom - the astronaut.
NASA then prepared a second mission to follow Alan Shepard and Virgil Grissom did another "straight up and straight down" to an altitude of 190 km but this time the Mercury capsule sank to the bottom of the sea as Grissom was rescued.
With Young and Commander Virgil Grissom on board, Gemini 3 was the first American space flight with more than one person.
The Apollo 1 capsule fire consumed Lieutenant Colonels Virgil Grissom (USAF) and Edward White II (USAF) along with Lieutenant Commander Roger Chaffee (USN) on January 27, 1967.
The Soviet Union sent Yuri Gagarin into space, but American astronauts Alan Shephard, Virgil Grissom, and John Glenn shortly followed him.
Virgil Grissom, Roger Chaffee and Edward White died in a flash fire aboard Apollo 1 during a simulated launch at Cape Canaveral.
1961 Captain Virgil Grissom became the second American in space.