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Virginia Beach,resort city (1990 pop. 393,069), independent and in no county, SE Va., on the Atlantic coast; inc. 1906. In 1963, Princess Anne co. and the former small town of Virginia Beach were merged, giving the present city an area of 302 sq mi (782 sq km). It begins at the North Carolina state line, extends N for 28 mi (45 km) along the Atlantic to the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay and to Norfolk, varying in width from c.7 to 15 mi (11–24 km).
The city is a railroad terminus and its many manufactures include rubber, plastic, glass, and wood products; electrical and electronic equipment; machinery; chemicals; building materials; textiles; transportation equipment; and consumer goods. Tourism is important, and there is agriculture (barley, wheat, corn, soybeans, livestock, and dairy products) and commercial fishing. Four large military bases are within the city limits: Naval Air Station Oceana, a huge base with hundreds of carrier planes; Dam Neck, a fleet combat training support center that is part of Oceana; a naval amphibious training center at Little Creek; and Fort Story, a U.S. army transportation command.
Virginia Beach is the state's largest city and one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities, marked by a population increase of nearly 50% between 1980 and 1990. Long a popular resort, it has beautiful beaches, a boardwalk, and excellent sportfishing. Of interest are the Cape Henry memorial cross, site of the landing of the first colonists in 1607; the Cape Henry lighthouse (1791; restored); the nation's oldest brick residence (1636; restored); and the Alan B. Shepard civic center, a geodesic aluminum-domed structure. Seashore State Park is there, as are Atlantic Univ. and Regent Univ. Virginia Wesleyan College is on the Norfolk–Virginia Beach border. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge-TunnelChesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel,
officially the Lucius J. Kellam, Jr. Bridge-Tunnel,
17.6 mi (28.2 km) long, across the mouth of Chesapeake Bay, E Va., connecting Cape Charles with Norfolk, Va.
..... Click the link for more information. (opened 1964) links Virginia Beach with the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland.
Virginia Beach (Independent City), Virginia
Virginia Beach, VA 23456
Phone: (757) 427-4242
Fax: (757) 427-5626
In southeastern VA on the Atlantic Ocean, 18 mi. east of Norfolk. Incorporated as a town in 1906; as a city in 1952. Name Origin: This noted oceanside resort is named for the state
Area (sq mi):: 497.33 (land 248.29; water 249.03) Population per square mile: 1765.70
Population 2005: 438,415 State rank: 2 Population change: 2000-20005 3.10%; 1990-2000 8.20% Population 2000: 425,257 (White 69.50%; Black or African American 19.00%; Hispanic or Latino 4.20%; Asian 4.90%; Other 4.70%). Foreign born: 6.60%. Median age: 32.70
Income 2000: per capita $22,365; median household $48,705; Population below poverty level: 6.50% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $30,118-$32,848
Unemployment (2004): 3.60% Unemployment change (from 2000): 0.60% Median travel time to work: 23.90 minutes Working outside county of residence: 42.50%
See other counties in Virginia.