virtue

(redirected from Virtue theory)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.
Related to Virtue theory: deontological theory

virtue

[Lat.,=manliness], in philosophy, quality of good in human conduct. The cardinal virtues, as presented by Plato, were wisdom (or prudence), courage, temperance, and justice. They are to be interpreted as descriptive of conduct rather than innate qualities and are achieved through proper training and discipline. They have been called natural virtues, as contrasted with the Christian theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity. As early as the 14th cent. the Christian virtues were combined with the Platonic virtues and called the seven cardinal virtues, figuring largely, with the opposing seven deadly sins, in such medieval literature as Dante's Divine Comedy. Some contemporary philosophers, such as Alasdair MacIntyreMacIntyre, Alasdair C.
, 1929–, American philosopher. He teaches at the Univ. of Notre Dame in Indiana. His major contributions have come in ethics. In his highly influential book After Virtue
..... Click the link for more information.
, have argued that traditional notions of virtue provide the best framework for reflection in ethics.

virtue

any of the cardinal virtues (prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance) or theological virtues (faith, hope, and charity)
References in periodicals archive ?
For virtue theory, only those acting from concern for others are worthy of the highest form of moral approbation.
CONFUCIUS, supra note 2, at 59, 72, 84, 92, 112, 116, 124, 144 (importance of benevolence); HURSTHOUSE, ON VIRTUE ETHICS, supra note 5, at 104, 109, 154 (importance of charity and love); Rosalind Hursthouse, Virtue Theory and Abortion, in VIRTUE ETHICS 229, 230, 233 (Roger Crisp & Michael Slote eds.
Indeed, it is important to note that at base virtue theory represents an alternative to classical liberalism.
With regard to Aristotle's Virtue Theory, I will examine what he had to say about Eudaimonia, i.
The focus of this essay is not virtue theory as such.
Virtue theory has always given pride of place to four virtues upon which the other moral virtues hinge.
Most important is the De bono which represents the first systematic treatment of virtue theory in the Latin West.
In adding to Aristotle's virtue theory, Thomas Aquinas wondered whether the virtues in a man were equal.
Quinn also regards Edwards's more Platonizing theory of virtue as a "useful counterweight" (79) to the Thomistic and Aristotelian focus of much contemporary virtue theory.
That is, I will argue that virtue theory provides a defensible definition of an ethical act or person, whereas other traditional theories can function as tests of a virtuous action or person (utility, Kantian deontology, W.
Virtue ethics is informed by interdisciplinary research between theology and secular disciplines of knowledge to construct a comprehensive virtue theory.
This paper explores the prospects of a virtue theory of knowledge that, so far, has no takers in the literature.