Visayan Islands


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Visayan Islands

(vĭsī`ən), large island group (1990 pop. 13,794,991), c.24,000 sq mi (62,160 sq km), in and around the Visayan Sea, central Philippines. The group includes BoholBohol
, island (1990 pop. 948,403), 1,491 sq mi (3,862 sq km), the Philippines, one of the Visayan Islands, SW of Leyte. It is a major corn-producing area. Rice, cacao, and hemp are also grown, and manganese and copper are mined.
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, CebuCebu
, island, 1,702 sq mi (4,408 sq km), one of the Visayan Islands, the Philippines, between Leyte and Negros. The coastal plains are intensely cultivated and densely populated.
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, LeyteLeyte
, island (1990 pop. 1,689,756), 2,785 sq mi (7,213 sq km), one of the Visayan Islands, the Philippines, between Luzon and Mindanao. A fertile agricultural land, it is the nation's leading producer of sweet potatoes and bananas and a major producer of corn and peanuts.
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, MasbateMasbate
, island, 1,262 sq mi (3,269 sq km), the Philippines, one of the Visayan Islands, S of SE Luzon. Gold, which has been mined there for centuries, is still produced in quantity; copper is also mined. The densely populated coastal plains are intensively cultivated.
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, NegrosNegros
, island (1990 pop. 3,182,252), 4,905 sq mi (12,704 sq km), one of the Visayan Islands, 4th largest of the Philippines, between Panay and Cebu. Although mountainous (Mt. Canloan, a volcano, rises to c.
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, PanayPanay
, island (1990 pop. 3,136,425), 4,446 sq mi (11,515 sq km), one of the Visayan Islands, 6th largest of the Philippines, NW of Negros. Primarily agricultural with extensive lowlands, it is a major rice and sugarcane producing area.
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, SamarSamar
, island (1990 pop. 1,246,722), 5,050 sq mi (13,079 sq km), 3d largest of the Philippines, one of the Visayan Islands, NE of Leyte (from which it is separated by the narrow San Juanico Strait). It has commercial coconut and abaca plantations.
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, and hundreds of smaller islands. Samar and Leyte, on the east, act as buffers, protecting the other islands from storms and giving them a mild, Mediterranean-type climate that permits intensive cultivation. The coastal plains of Samar and Leyte are densely populated. Cebu, Negros, and Panay are the commercial heart of the Visayan Islands. Cebu city is one of the region's trade, transportation, industrial, and cultural centers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fairchild is the first company within Cebu, as well as the broader Philippine Visayan Islands, to be OHSAS 18001 certified.
It has been a full year since Haiyan, (locally known as Typhoon Yolanda), caused massive destruction in the Visayan Islands in Central Philippines.
The civil defence office in Manila said 19 people were killed elsewhere in Mindanao along with nine in the central Visayan islands.