Visby


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Visby

(vēs`bə) or

Wisby

(wĭz`bē), city (1990 pop. 20,990), capital of Gotland co., SE Sweden, on Gotland Island and on the Baltic Sea. It is an industrial center and a popular resort and has a modern ice-free port. Manufactures include cement and refined sugar. The city is a Lutheran episcopal see. Visby was a pagan religious center. In the 11th cent. it became a prominent international trade center of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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. An independent republic, the city was the commercial center of N Europe, minting its own coins and developing an influential international maritime code. The ruins of 10 fine churches and the restored Cathedral of St. Mary, all from the 12th and 13th cent., testify to its former greatness. Visby's decline began in 1280, when Sweden conquered Gotland while the city was suffering civil strife. It was sacked (1361) and captured (1362) by the Danes, who returned (1370) it to the Hanseatic League. Pirates made it their stronghold for the next two centuries, and its trade was taken over by Lübeck. Visby passed to Denmark in 1570, and again came under Sweden in 1645. The city only began to recover its trade in the 19th cent.

Visby

 

main city of the island and fief of Gotland in Sweden. Port. Population, 17,400 (1966). In the Middle Ages (particularly from the 11th through the 13th centuries) Visby was an important trading center—the main intermediary in the trade Western countries’ trade with the southeastern Baltic region until the rise of Lu’beck. Intermediary trade remained in the hands of a German mercantile colony founded in Visby. (The city’s dependence on Sweden was nominal.) With the rise of Liibeck, Visby remained an important center for Hanseatic trade with Novgorod. In 1361 the city was seized by the forces of the Danish king Waldemar IV Atterdag; it was returned to Sweden by the Treaty of Bromsebro in 1645. Medieval churches and a mighty city wall with 44 towers built during the 12th to 14th centuries have been preserved in Visby.

Visby

a port in SE Sweden, on NW Gotland Island in the Baltic: an early member of the Hanseatic League and major N European commercial centre in the Middle Ages. Pop.: 22 017 (2000 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The 12-day cruise stops in Binz, Germany; Gdynia, Poland; Visby, Sweden; Tallinn, Estonia; St.
The cruise travels through the Kiel Canal (Germany), to call at Ronne (Denmark), Klaipeda (Lithuania), Riga (Latvia), then an overnight stay at St Petersburg (Russia), Tallinn (Estonia), Stockholm (Sweden), and Visby (Sweden).
Inside Visby are some 19 medieval churches, many in ruins, and the conference took the view that these were all 'heritage' and deserved to be conserved, just as they are, in fossilised authenticity.
While the corvettes surveyed in this article all offer highly capable and robust designs, few have the beauty of the Marinen (Royal Swedish Navy) Visby class, named after a medieval city on the Gotland island.
Today in the morning only the airports in the Stockholm area, Visby and in the far north were open for traffic.
BALTIC EXPLORATION: Leading Cruise Agents (0870 122 5115) offers 15 nights on Swan Hellenic's Minerva, ex-Dover Aug 7 from pounds 1,295, calling at Elsinore, Copenhagen, Helsinki, St Petersburg, Tallinn, Visby, Ronne (Denmark).
Walk around the walled, cobbled, and incredibly well-preserved medieval port town of Visby (the island's capital and largest city), then tackle the countryside by bike.
Energy and occupant surveys have been carried out at two completed buildings at Visby in Sweden and Gloucester in England.
Baltic Capitals cruise from Aug 27 for pounds 799, ex-Kiel to Visby (Sweden), Stockholm, Tallinn, St Petersburg, Copenhagen, including return flights, against brochure price of pounds 1,290.
BALTIC/LAPLAND Fred Olsen (01473 724424) offers 10-night fly-cruise option from pounds 845 ex-Heathrow June 26, joining ship in Copenhagen to visit Visby, Tallinn, St Petersburg, Turku, Vaasa and Kemi (for optional Lapland/Arctic tour) and Stockholm.
The controversy caused by the development of joint use libraries at San Jose in California and Visby in Sweden has been well-documented (see, for example, Kauppila & Russell, 2003; Hansson, 2006), but there have been numerous less documented disputes, played out in the local media and council chambers, resulting from proposals to develop joint use school-public libraries.
In Visby, the most well-developed urban center in Sweden in the fifteenth century, tools or craft insignia were also common on gravestones.