Visby


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Visby

(vēs`bə) or

Wisby

(wĭz`bē), city (1990 pop. 20,990), capital of Gotland co., SE Sweden, on Gotland Island and on the Baltic Sea. It is an industrial center and a popular resort and has a modern ice-free port. Manufactures include cement and refined sugar. The city is a Lutheran episcopal see. Visby was a pagan religious center. In the 11th cent. it became a prominent international trade center of the Hanseatic LeagueHanseatic League
, mercantile league of medieval German towns. It was amorphous in character; its origin cannot be dated exactly. Originally a Hansa was a company of merchants trading with foreign lands.
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. An independent republic, the city was the commercial center of N Europe, minting its own coins and developing an influential international maritime code. The ruins of 10 fine churches and the restored Cathedral of St. Mary, all from the 12th and 13th cent., testify to its former greatness. Visby's decline began in 1280, when Sweden conquered Gotland while the city was suffering civil strife. It was sacked (1361) and captured (1362) by the Danes, who returned (1370) it to the Hanseatic League. Pirates made it their stronghold for the next two centuries, and its trade was taken over by Lübeck. Visby passed to Denmark in 1570, and again came under Sweden in 1645. The city only began to recover its trade in the 19th cent.

Visby

 

main city of the island and fief of Gotland in Sweden. Port. Population, 17,400 (1966). In the Middle Ages (particularly from the 11th through the 13th centuries) Visby was an important trading center—the main intermediary in the trade Western countries’ trade with the southeastern Baltic region until the rise of Lu’beck. Intermediary trade remained in the hands of a German mercantile colony founded in Visby. (The city’s dependence on Sweden was nominal.) With the rise of Liibeck, Visby remained an important center for Hanseatic trade with Novgorod. In 1361 the city was seized by the forces of the Danish king Waldemar IV Atterdag; it was returned to Sweden by the Treaty of Bromsebro in 1645. Medieval churches and a mighty city wall with 44 towers built during the 12th to 14th centuries have been preserved in Visby.

Visby

a port in SE Sweden, on NW Gotland Island in the Baltic: an early member of the Hanseatic League and major N European commercial centre in the Middle Ages. Pop.: 22 017 (2000 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Visby is known for its well-preserved medieval city, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site, and its beautiful scenery and historical attractions make it an ideal summer holiday destination.
6) With the exception of the US having adopted the Hague Rules, the rest of the countries in question apply the Visby Rules.
Europe's technology experts will be gathering on the Swedish island of Visby, in the Baltic Sea, to draft a new agenda for the sector, on 10 November.
Energy and occupant surveys have been carried out at two completed buildings at Visby in Sweden and Gloucester in England.
It is an unspoiled island with pine and spruce forests, hay meadows full of wildflowers, wide deserted beaches, old farmsteads, a profusion of country churches and a capital city, Visby, with charming medieval houses and one of the best preserved ring walls in Europe.
BALTIC/LAPLAND Fred Olsen (01473 724424) offers 10-night fly-cruise option from pounds 845 ex-Heathrow June 26, joining ship in Copenhagen to visit Visby, Tallinn, St Petersburg, Turku, Vaasa and Kemi (for optional Lapland/Arctic tour) and Stockholm.
Normative institutionalism is used as a theoretical framework for the discussion, which draws from studies on and experiences of the establishment of two joint use libraries in Sweden: Sambiblioteket in Harnosand and Almedalsbiblioteket in Visby.
The leaders of its main town, Visby, are convinced that the promotion of clean energy is compatible with modern economic development and competitive business.
Bjorkanderska magasinet, Skeppsbron 24, SE-621 57 Visby,
24) who analysed nine samples from the 19 m thick section: five samples from the Lower Visby Formation, two samples from the Upper Visby Formation and two from the Hogklint Formation (the highest sample, from the top of the cliff, is not shown in Fig.
The stealthy Visby corvette put to sea on her maiden voyage late last year on the first leg of her engineering trials under the shipbuilder Kockurns' supervision.
The Swedish Navy's Visby corvette is designed to be virtually invisible in pursuit of hostile submarines and underwater mines.