Vitaceae


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Related to Vitaceae: Betulaceae, Parthenocissus

Vitaceae

[vī′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Rhamnales; mostly tendril-bearing climbers with compound or lobed leaves, as in grapes (Vitis).

Vitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants.

Vitaceae are predominantly woody lianas, sometimes up-right shrubs and rather low trees. The leaves are alternate, mostly simple, usually with deciduous stipules. Most members of the family have tendrils, which are modified shoots or inflorescences used for climbing. The flowers are bisexual or diclinous, small, greenish, tetramerous or pentamerous; they are usually gathered in cymose inflorescences. The calyx is more or less reduced. There is a gynoecium of two carpels. The upper gynoecium is sometimes more or less accreted with a disk. The fruit is an upper syncarpous berry (uva), juicy or almost dry.

Vitaceae are monoecious or dioecious plants that grow mainly in tropical and subtropical zones. The family includes approximately 12 genera and 700 species. The largest genus is Cissus, with more than 350 species. The genus Vitis, or grape, has the greatest economic significance; several of its wild-growing species are found in the USSR. The Far East is the home of four species of the genus Ampelopsis and one species of creeper (genus Parthenocissus)’, two American species of this genus are widely cultivated.

REFERENCES

Ampelografiia SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow, 1946.
Sosnovskii, D. I. “Vinogradovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 14. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Some families of tendril climbers such as Curcurbitaceae and Vitaceae use only twining tendrils to climb.
Jongli dhonia 37 Nicotiana alata Link Solanaceae Jongli-tamak & Otto 38 Cissus Vitaceae Haar-jora quadrangularis L.
comprising Lauraceae, Sterculiaceae, and Vitaceae has been described
239], Violaceae [73, 248], Vitaceae [42, 44, 47], Zamiaceae
Solanaceae [131, 154], Winteraceae [239], Vitaceae [42, 44,
Rubiaceae [249], Rutaceae [247], Vitaceae [42, 44, 47]
tomentosiformis Goodspeed [165] Solanum variabile [121] VITALES Vitaceae Vitis vinifera [42, 44, 47] ZINGIBERALES Musaceae Musa sp.
Gunneraceae near Vitaceae, Haloragaceae, and Cornaceae within the
with Vitaceae and Leeceae, and later suggested a close affinity to
1984); Saxifraga (Erdtman, 1966; Ferguson & Webb, 1970); Chrysosplenium (Heusser, 1971; Gupta & Sharma, 1986); Cnestis (Dickison, 1979), Vitaceae (Erdtman, 1966); Myrothamnus (Zavada & Dilcher, 1986; Kubitzki, 1993b; Wanntorp et al.
Table 1 Affinities of Gannera proposed or implied by various authors Proposed Source(s) affinity Haloragaceae/ Bentham & Hooker, 1865; de Candolle, 1868; Haloragales Engler & Prand (Peterson, 1893); Schindler, 1905; Hutchinson, 1973; Cronquist, 1981; Heywood, 1993 Urticales Jussieu, 1789; Battling, 1830; Endlicher, 1837 Arialaceae Lindley, 1846 Umbellales Gibbs, 1974 Onagraceae Gray, 1854; Gibbs, 1974; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Vitaceae Behnke, 1981; Thorne, 1992 Cornaceae Thorne, 1992 Connaraceae Behnke,1986 Eucryphiaceae Behnke,1986 Balanophoraceae Hooker, 1856; Hansen, 1980; Mabberley, 1993 Saxifragaceae Huber, 1963; Takhtajan, 1980, 1983; Dahlgren, 1983; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Hamamelidaceae Chase et al.